Extensional tectonics of SW Anatolia in relation to slab edge processes in the Eastern Mediterranean

Kaymakcı, Nuretdin
Langereıs, Cor
Özkaptan, Murat
Özacar, Atilla Arda
Koç, Ayten
Uzel, Bora
Gülyüz, Erhan
Sözbilir, Hasan
The tectonics of SW Anatolia is expressed in terms of emplacement of Lycian Nappes during the Eocene to Middle Miocene and synconvergent extension as part of the Aegean-West Anatolian extensional tectonic regime. Recent studies identified that there is a tear in the northwards subducting African Oceanic lithosphere along the Pliny-Strabo Trenches (PST). Such tears are coined as Subduction Transform-Edge Propagator (STEP) faults developed high angle to trenches. Hypothetically, the evolution of a STEP fault is somewhat similar to strike-slip fault zones and resultant asymmetric role-back of the subducting slab leads to differential block rotations and back arc type extension on the overriding plate. Recent studies claimed that the tear along the PST propagated NE on-land and developed Fethiye-Burdur Fault/Shear Zone (FBFZ) in SW Turkey. We have conducted a rigorous paleomagnetic study containing more than 3000 samples collected from 88 locations and 11700 fault slip data sets from 198 locations distributed evenly all over SW Anatolia spanning from Middle Miocene to Late Pliocene to test if FBFZ ever existed. The results show that there is slight (20°) counter-clockwise rotation distributed uniformly almost whole SW Anatolia and there is no change in the rotation senses and amounts on either side of the FBFZ implying no differential rotation within the zone. Additionally, constructed paleostress configurations, along the so-called FBFZ and within the 300 km diameter of the proposed fault zone, indicated that almost all the faults that are parallel to subparallel to the zone are almost pure normal faults similar to earthquake focal mechanisms suggesting active extension in the region. It is important to note that we have not encountered any significant strike-slip motion parallel to so-called "FBFZ" to support presence and transcurrent nature of it. On the contrary, the region is dominated by extensional deformation and strike-slip components are observed only on the NW-SE striking transfer faults, which are almost perpendicular to zone that accommodated extension and normal motion. We claim that the sinistral Fethiye Burdur Fault/shear (Zone) is a myth and there is no tangible evidence to support the existence of such a strike-slip fault or a shear zone. This research is supported by TUBITAK - Grant Number 111Y239.
Citation Formats
N. Kaymakcı et al., “Extensional tectonics of SW Anatolia in relation to slab edge processes in the Eastern Mediterranean,” presented at the American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, 11-15 December 2017 , New Orleans, LA, USA, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/86985.