Modeling and numerical simulations of lignite char gasification with CO2: The effect of gasification parameters on internal transport phenomena

Karaca, Mehmet
Kaya, Deniz
Yozgatlıgil, Ahmet
Gokalp, Iskender
The purpose of this study is to develop an experimental data-based char particle gasification model in order to assess the effects of particle size, gasification temperature and char generation heating rate on global gasification parameters. Also, the effect of initial porosity is observed by performing parametrical numerical simulations. A continuum-based model is used to solve the gasification inside a char particle and within the external boundary layer. The intrinsic rate of CO2 gasification reaction is computed according to Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH) mechanism. External mass transfer is modeled by Stefan-Maxwell relations, and Cylindrical Pore Interpolation Model (CPIM) is used for intra-particle molecular diffusion. In the model, all the effects due to particle internal structure changes are represented by a global conversion function, f(X) which is computed from local reaction rate values. In this study, f(X) is deduced from experimental results instead of phenomenological models almost impossible to validate. The best reproduction of the experimental gasification results is obtained for the function f(X) postulated as a summation of two Gaussian functions which represent the char particle random pore structures and their dynamics during gasification. Comparative simulation results show that the Gaussian for low conversion interval is shifted to even lower conversion values for higher gasification temperature and higher initial porosity. Thereby, the Gaussian function for low conversion rates (large particle sizes) is interpreted as representative of the diffusion-limited gasification regime in conjunction with the network of macropores and molecular diffusion rates. The modification of the pore structure due to char generation heating rates causes a shift of the second Gaussian towards higher conversion rates. It is therefore postulated that the second Gaussian function corresponds to the boundary layer diffusion-controlled regime related to available outer surface area of the particle.


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Citation Formats
M. Karaca, D. Kaya, A. Yozgatlıgil, and I. Gokalp, “Modeling and numerical simulations of lignite char gasification with CO2: The effect of gasification parameters on internal transport phenomena,” FUEL, pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: