A systematic review on global pollution status of particulate matter-associated potential toxic elements and health perspectives in urban environment

Ali, Muhammad Ubaid
Liu, Guijian
Yousaf, Balal
Ullah, Habib
Abbas, Qumber
Munir, Mehr Ahmad Mujtaba
Airborne particulate matter (PM) that is a heterogeneous mixture of particles with a variety of chemical components and physical features acts as a potential risk to human health. The ability to pose health risk depends upon the size, concentration and chemical composition of the suspended particles. Potential toxic elements (PTEs) associated with PM have multiple sources of origin, and each source has the ability to generate multiple particulate PTEs. In urban areas, automobile, industrial emissions, construction and demolition activities are the major anthropogenic sources of pollution. Fine particles associated with PTEs have the ability to penetrate deep into respiratory system resulting in an increasing range of adverse health effects, at ever-lower concentrations. In-depth investigation of PTEs content and mode of occurrence in PM is important from both environmental and pathological point of view. Considering this air pollution risk, several studies had addressed the issues related to these pollutants in road and street dust, indicating high pollution level than the air quality guidelines. Observed from the literature, particulate PTEs pollution can lead to respiratory symptoms, cardiovascular problems, lungs cancer, reduced lungs function, asthma and severe case mortality. Due to the important role of PM and associated PTEs, detailed knowledge of their impacts on human health is of key importance.


Evaluation of floor-wise pollution status and deposition behavior of potentially toxic elements and nanoparticles in air conditioner dust during urbanistic development
Ali, Muhammad Ubaid; Liu, Guijian; Yousaf, Balal; Ullah, Habib; Irshad, Samina; Ahmed, Rafay; Hussain, Mudassar; Rashid, Audil (2019-03-01)
The study was undertaken to investigate deposition behaviors of various size-segregated particles and indoor air quality using dust accumulated on the air conditioner filter acting as a sink for PTEs and nanoparticles that can pose a significant health risk. However, the particulate matter size and chemical composition in AC dust and its relationship with PTEs remains uncertain. Current study aims to investigate the PTEs and nanoparticles composition of AC dust using different analytical approaches includin...
Review of factors impacting emission/concentration of cooking generated particulate matter
Torkmahalleh, Mehdi Amouei; Gorjinezhad, Soudabeh; Unluevcek, Hediye Sumru; Hopke, Philip K. (2017-05-15)
Studies have shown that exposure to particulate matter (PM) emitted while cooking is related to adverse human health effects. The level of PM emissions during cooking varies with several factors. This study reviewed controlled studies available in the cooking PM emissions literature, and found that cooking method, type and quality of the energy (heating) source, burner size, cooking pan, cooking oil, food, additives, source surface area, cooking temperature, ventilation and position of the cooking pan on th...
Assessment of antimony as a priority pollutant and exploration of antimony removal from aquatic environment
Yücel, Özge; Balcı, Derya Dursun; Department of Environmental Engineering (2017)
Antimony is a metalloid element that has adverse health and environment effects at high concentrations. In this study, the antimony mining site located in the Yeşilırmak River Basin is considered as a point source and removal of antimony from aquatic environment was explored. Results indicated that surface waters in the downstream of antimony reserve are susceptible to antimony pollution. Samples collected near vicinity of the antimony mining site have exceeded Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) of antim...
A comprehensive review on environmental transformation of selenium: recent advances and research perspectives
Ullah, Habib; Liu, Guijian; Yousaf, Balal; Ali, Muhammad Ubaid; Irshad, Samina; Abbas, Qumber; Ahmad, Rafay (2019-04-01)
Selenium (Se) is an important micronutrient and essential trace element for both humans and animals, which exist in the environment ubiquitously. Selenium deficiency is an important issue worldwide, with various reported cases of its deficiency. Low selenium contents in some specific terrestrial environments have resulted in its deficiency in humans. However, high levels of selenium in the geochemical environment may have harmful influences and can cause a severe toxicity to living things. Due to its extrem...
Spatial distribution of organic pollutants in Bursa atmosphere : seasonality and health effects
Yılmaz Civan, Mihriban; Tuncel, Süleyman Gürdal; Department of Environmental Engineering (2010)
The assessment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has become an area of particular interest in the field of atmospheric pollution due to their adverse health and environmental effects. This study is aimed to identify, quantify and characterize VOC in different urban areas and industrial areas in Bursa. The spatial distribution, seasonal variation as well as health risks assessment of VOC were discussed. Air samples were collected by means of sorbent passive sampling at over 50 sampling points in Bursa and...
Citation Formats
M. U. Ali, G. Liu, B. Yousaf, H. Ullah, Q. Abbas, and M. A. M. Munir, “A systematic review on global pollution status of particulate matter-associated potential toxic elements and health perspectives in urban environment,” ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH, pp. 1131–1162, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/89950.