THE IMPACT OF THE EU ON ASYLUM POLICIES OF TURKEY AND JORDAN IN THE LIGHT OF THE ‘SYRIAN REFUGEE CRISIS’

2021-7-14
Yasin, Şadan
The Syrian Refugee Crisis became to be known as such after the irregular mass refugee/migrant flow of mostly Syrians to Europe in 2015. However, the greatest challenge of receiving the Syrians fleeing the outbreak of the Syrian conflict in 2011 belonged to the neighbouring countries to Syria. The asylum foundations and policies and their compatibility with international standards in these countries have come under scrutiny following this. The ‘crisis’ brought to the light the discrepancies and deficiencies in the international protection regime, in which countries of the Global North bear the minimum of responsibility sharing for refugees while countries of the Global South, as the first receivers of the refugees bear the maximum challenges. This thesis is a comparative analysis aiming to explore the changes the asylum policies of Turkey and Jordan went through as a result of the impact of the EU policy of externalization of immigration and asylum policy and its instruments after the ‘Syrian Refugee Crisis’, with the conditionality principle as a main strategy. While there are many factors effecting the formation of a country’s asylum policy, the emphasis in this thesis will be the role of international factors. The analysis will conclude that even though domestic factors remained the most determinant ones for asylum policies in Turkey and Jordan, the EU, in attempts to stop the mass flow through migration diplomacy and different agreements, was able to introduce acceptance and action by both of these countries to a previously taboo aspect of asylum policy: integration of refugees.

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Citation Formats
Ş. Yasin, “THE IMPACT OF THE EU ON ASYLUM POLICIES OF TURKEY AND JORDAN IN THE LIGHT OF THE ‘SYRIAN REFUGEE CRISIS’,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.