SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CO-HOUSING: A READING OVER SEDAD HAKKI ELDEM’S STUDIES ON TRADITIONAL TURKISH HOUSE TYPOLOGIES

2021-8-10
Çerşil, Ayşen
Reconsideration of sustainability as a holistic approach to meet today’s societal and ecological challenges requires the integration of environmental, economic, social, and cultural dimensions to sustainability’s subject matter. Among other dimensions, implementing social sustainability to architectural productions results in the creation of built environments which are respectful to both natural and social conditions. As a primary component of the built environment, housing is a setting for environmentally protective and socially viable attitudes to be realized. In this context, variety of housing models has been experimented to provide socially sustainable environments to its users. Among many alternatives, co-housing appears as a promising model in fulfilling both the social needs of individuals and enhancing environmentally protective behaviors. It encourages positive social relations and social cohesion through participatory lifestyles and enhances social connectedness, well-being, efficient sharing of resources, practical or moral support between community members and adoption of environmentally sensitive behaviors. Therefore, co-housing is considered as a contemporary method for developing socially and ecologically sustainable housing environments. It is argued in this thesis that socially sustainable way of life of co-housing communities and architectural values of co-housing designs are not new discourses for traditional Turkish housing culture. Some social objectives of co-housing communities have been adopted and appreciated by traditional Turkish households for a long time. In terms of enhancing collective ways of behavior, increasing social interaction, encouraging socially connected communities, providing means for effective sharing and use of spaces and resources, spatial organizations of traditional Turkish houses display similar compositional and configurational principles with contemporary co-housing designs. Disclosing socially sustainable qualities of traditional Turkish dwellings with reference to co-housing necessitates the use of typology as a means for a correlative evaluation. Excluding the nationalistic references which the term “Turkish House” denotes Sedad Hakkı Eldem’s extensive typological studies on the “Turkish House” will be used for a solid ground for the re-evaluation of existing house types. Therefore, traditional houses will be examined through their compositional elements and configurational principles to uncover their similarities between co-housing models with relation to the concept of social sustainability.

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Citation Formats
A. Çerşil, “SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY AND CO-HOUSING: A READING OVER SEDAD HAKKI ELDEM’S STUDIES ON TRADITIONAL TURKISH HOUSE TYPOLOGIES,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2021.