Inflating the social aspects of cognitive structural realism

Inspired by Ronald Giere's (1989, 1992) cognitive approach to scientific models, Cognitive Structural Realism (CSR) has presented a naturalist account of scientific representation (Beni, 2019a). CSR characterises the structure of theories in terms of cognitive structures. These are informational structures embodied in the brains of (allegedly individual) scientists. CSR accounts for scientific representation in terms of the dynamical relationship between the organism and its environment. The proposal has been criticised on account of its negligence of social aspects of scientific practice. The present paper aims to chart out a reply to the objection. It shows that cognitive structures do not need to be put inside the brains of single individuals. Cognitive structures are redefined as extended structures in distributed cognitive systems (such as a scientific group) under Free Energy Principle.


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The present study examined the comparative effects of a prediction/discussion-based learning cycle, conceptual change text (CCT), and traditional instructions on students' understanding of genetics concepts. A quasi-experimental research design of the pre-test-post-test non-equivalent control group was adopted. The three intact classes, taught by the same science teacher, were randomly assigned as prediction/discussion-based learning cycle class (N = 30), CCT class (N = 25), and traditional class (N = 26). ...
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This work aims to expand the computational theory of early cognitive mapping proposed by Yeap (1988) and Yeap and Jefferies (1999). Yeap and Jefferies developed a computational theory based on human cognitive mapping studies. Their theory starts from a 2 1/2-D sketch that is the output of Marr's vision theory (Marr, 1982). They attempt to answer the question of what is computed first from 2 1/2-D sketch. They argue that the boundary of the local space which one is surrounded by is computed first. Yeap and J...
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Different theories of cognitive science propose different system descriptions in their models for the explanation of cognitive phenomena. According to one view, they are incompatible and competing theories. The view is defended by theorists and philosophers from different perspectives and they all claim that the proper conception of cognition is the conception provided by the theory which they advocate. The other view, on the other hand, insists on the compatibility of those theories. According to this view...
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Citation Formats
M. Davoody Benı, “Inflating the social aspects of cognitive structural realism,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: