Social Contact, Academic Satisfaction, COVID-19 Knowledge, and Subjective Well-being Among Students at Turkish Universities: a Nine-University Sample

Erden, Gulsen
Özdoğru,Asil Ali
Çoksan, Sami
Ogel-Balaban, Hale
Azak, Yakup
Altinoglu-Dikmeer, Ilkiz
Ergul-Topcu, Aysun
Yasak, Yesim
Kıral-Uçar, Gözde
Eltan, Selen
Kumpasoğlu, Güler Beril
Baytemir, Gulsen
Adverse effects of COVID-19 are seen not only on the physical health of infected individuals but also on their subjective well-being. Sudden changes in social lives, lockdowns, and shifts towards online education have had a negative impact on many people, especially university students. As part of an international study, the current study focused on the well-being of students at Turkish universities in relation to social contact, academic satisfaction, and COVID-19 knowledge. A total of 7363 students from nine universities (86.6% from state universities, 71.04% female, and 73.52% at bachelor's level) participated in an online survey. Results revealed that females had lower levels of subjective well-being and academic satisfaction. According to a mediation model in the study, the relationship between social contact and well-being was mediated by academic satisfaction and COVID-19 knowledge. Our findings can guide future researchers, mental health professionals, universities, and policymakers to understand and improve subjective well-being of university students.


A Framework for design and personalization of digital, just-in-time, adaptive interventions
Gönül, Suat; Coşar, Ahmet; Department of Computer Engineering (2018)
Adverse and suboptimal health behaviors and chronic diseases are responsible from a substantial majority of deaths globally. Studies show that personalized support programs yield better results in overcoming these undesired behaviors and diseases. Digital, just-in-time, adaptive interventions are mobile phone-based notifications that are being used to support people wherever and whenever needed in coping with the health problem. In this study, a framework is proposed for design and personalization of such i...
Sleep go away, I don’t have much time left to live: Is bedtime procrastination related to perceived time left in life?
OKAY GÜNAY, DENİZ; Türkarslan, Kutlu Kağan; ÇEVRİM, MUSTAFA; Bozo Özen, Özlem (2022-01-01)
Objective: Sleep insufficiency is a common public health problem associated with various psychological and physical health outcomes. A recently proposed cause for sleep insufficiency is bedtime procrastination. Despite existing research about the concept, its underlying factors are mostly unclear. Considering the theoretical analogy between sleep time and the end of the day, the current study presents an explanation for bedtime procrastination. This study aims to examine the effect of future time perspectiv...
Modeling comorbidity of chronic diseases using coupled hidden Markov model with bivariate discrete copula
Oflaz, Zarina; Yozgatlıgil, Ceylan; Kestel, Sevtap Ayşe (2023-1-01)
A range of chronic diseases have a significant influence on each other and share common risk factors. Comorbidity, which shows the existence of two or more diseases interacting or triggering each other, is an important measure for actuarial valuations. The main proposal of the study is to model parallel interacting processes describing two or more chronic diseases by a combination of hidden Markov theory and copula function. This study introduces a coupled hidden Markov model with the bivariate discrete cop...
Remote social touch: a framework to communicate physical interaction across long distances
Alsamarei, Ali Abdularazzaq Abbood; Şener Pedgley, Bahar; Department of Industrial Design (2021-1-13)
In this day and age, there is a large group of people who have to live away from their loved ones due to various reasons such as work, study, or certain health-related concerns (e.g. infection diseases). Living away from their loved ones, certain negative emotions (e.g. stress, depression, and loneliness) may develop due to the loss of physical, mental, and emotional awareness about each other. From the various ways available that could enhance awareness and presence while communicating with a loved one, re...
Not just data: A method for improving prediction with knowledge
Yet, Barbaros; Fenton, Norman; Tai, Nigel; Marsh, William (Elsevier BV, 2014-04-01)
Many medical conditions are only indirectly observed through symptoms and tests. Developing predictive models for such conditions is challenging since they can be thought of as 'latent' variables. They are not present in the data and often get confused with measurements. As a result, building a model that fits data well is not the same as making a prediction that is useful for decision makers. In this paper, we present a methodology for developing Bayesian network (BN) models that predict and reason with la...
Citation Formats
G. Erden et al., “Social Contact, Academic Satisfaction, COVID-19 Knowledge, and Subjective Well-being Among Students at Turkish Universities: a Nine-University Sample,” APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE, pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: