A review of plastic pollution in aquatic ecosystems of Turkey

Çevik, Cem
Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan
Tavşanoğlu, Ülkü Nihan
Kankılıç, Gökben Başaran
Gündoğdu, Sedat
Turkey is one of the major plastic pollution sources in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. This review summarizes present information, data, and legislation on plastic pollution in Turkish aquatic ecosystems. According to results derived from reviewed studies, both macro- and microplastic pollutions were documented in Turkish aquatic ecosystems. Most of the studies on plastic pollution in Turkish waters were performed in the marine environment while only four were conducted in freshwater environments. Spatially, the majority of these studies, which were on levels in the marine environment, were conducted on the northeastern Mediterranean coasts of Turkey, especially Iskenderun and Mersin Bays. Additional studies were carried out on either the ingestion/presence/impact of microplastics by/to aquatic organisms or the entanglement of marine organisms in plastics. There were also studies assessing the microplastic content of commercial salt, and another has reported microplastic presence in traditional stuffed mussels sold in Turkish streets. Some studies were conducted on microplastic presence and/or their removal in wastewater treatment plants in Mersin, Adana, Mugla, and Istanbul cities. Macro- and microliter loading from a few Turkish rivers to the sea was also estimated. All these investigations indicate that Turkish aquatic environments have significant plastic pollution problems, which were also underlined by the legislative studies. The need for further studies in this field still exists, especially in freshwater environments.


Evaluation of the best management practices to control agricultural diffuse pollution in lake mogan watershed with swat model
Özcan, Zeynep; Alp, Emre; Kentel Erdoğan, Elçin; Department of Environmental Engineering (2016)
Lake Mogan which is located in Gölbaşı County, Ankara, Turkey is one of the most important wetlands of Turkey and it was declared as Special Environmental Protection Region in 1990. Total area of semi-arid Lake Mogan watershed is 970 km2 and dry farming is practiced approximately in 40% of the basin. Therefore, agricultural diffuse source pollution is a serious concern in the watershed. In the context of this thesis, the effects of implementation of different agricultural best management practices on sedime...
Comparison of Source Regions Affecting SO42- and NO3- Concentrations at the Eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea Atmospheres
Dogan, G.; GÜLLÜ, GÜLEN; Karakas, D.; Tuncel, G. (Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., 2010-01-01)
In this study, source regions of atmospheric sulfate and nitrate in rural areas at the Black Sea and the Mediterranean coasts of Turkey are compared. Stations on the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea are located at Amasra and Antalya regions, respectively. Source regions of SO42- and NO3- are determined by using potential source contribution function (PSCF). Statistical significance of source regions assigned by PSCF were assured using bootstrapping with 3000 iterations. Source regions affecting sulfate and n...
Continuous resistivity profiling survey in Mersin Harbour, Northeastern Mediterranean Sea
OKYAR, Mahmut; YILMAZ, Sedat; Tezcan, Devrim; Cavas, Hakan (2013-06-01)
No detailed information has previously been available on the geological and geophysical characteristics of the sea floor and the underlying strata of Mersin Harbour, Northeastern Mediterranean Sea (Turkey). Continuous resistivity profiling (CRP) and borehole data from Mersin Harbour were used to interpret geoelectric stratigraphy of Neogene-Quaternary sediments in the area. This represents one of few such detailed case studies that have applied these valuable CRP techniques for the purpose of marine stratig...
Modelling long term morphological changes with XBeach case study of Kizilirmak River mouth
Baykal, Cüneyt; Güler, Işıkhan; Özyurt, Gülizar; Söğüt, Erdinç; Güler, Hasan Gökhan; Doğan, Gözde Güney (2015-04-17)
The Bafra alluvial plain, where the Kızılırmak River discharges into the Black Sea, is one of the most critical examples of severe coastal erosion problems in Turkey. The amount of sediment carried by the Kızılırmak River has decreased from approximately 23 million ton per year to 0.46 million tons/year starting from 1960s as a result of construction of flow regulatory structures in the following years. This drastic decrease in the amount of sediment carried by the river resulted in a severe shoreline retre...
Akkuş, Gizem; Gücü , Ali Cemal; Department of Marine Biology and Fisheries (2016-10-10)
Economically the most important fish species in Turkey is the Black Sea anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus). It provides 60% of the total fish catch amongst all Turkish fisheries. However this precious resource has, so far, been exploited recklessly disregarding the consequences. Moreover, the reasons for the dramatic fluctuations in the quantity of anchovy landings over the years are poorly known. A sound management plan targeting maximum sustainable yield therefore necessitates scientifically proven stock as...
Citation Formats
C. Çevik, A. E. Kıdeyş, Ü. N. Tavşanoğlu, G. B. Kankılıç, and S. Gündoğdu, “A review of plastic pollution in aquatic ecosystems of Turkey,” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/94944.