A genomic snapshot of demographic and cultural dynamism in Upper Mesopotamia during the Neolithic Transition

Altınışık, Nefize Ezgi
Kazancı, Duygu Deniz
Aydoğan, Ayça
Gemici, Hasan Can
Erdal, Ömür Dilek
Sarıaltun, Savaş
Vural, Kıvılcım Başak
Koptekin, Dilek
Gürün, Kanat
Sağlıcan, Ekin
Cakan, Gokhan
Koruyucu, Meliha Melis
Lagerholm, Vendela Kempe
Karamurat, Cansu
Ozkan, Mustafa
Kılınç, Gülşah Merve
Sevkar, Arda
Sürer, Elif
Götherström, Anders
Atakuman, Çiğdem
Erdal, Yılmaz Selim
Özer, Füsun
Erim Özdoğan, Fatma Aslı
Somel, Mehmet
Upper Mesopotamia played a key role in the Neolithic Transition in Southwest Asia through marked innovations in symbolism, technology, and foodways. We present thirteen ancient genomes (c.8500-7500 calBCE) from Pre-Pottery Neolithic Çayönü in the Tigris basin together with bioarchaeological and material culture data. Our findings reveal that Çayönü was a genetically diverse population, carrying a mixed ancestry from western and eastern Fertile Crescent, and that the community received immigrants. Our results further suggest that the community was organised along biological family lines. We document bodily interventions such as head-shaping and cauterization among the individuals examined, reflecting Çayönü's cultural ingenuity. Finally, we identify Upper Mesopotamia as the likely source of eastern gene flow into Neolithic Anatolia, in line with material culture evidence. We hypothesise that Upper Mesopotamia's cultural dynamism during the Neolithic Transition was the product not only of its fertile lands but also of its interregional demographic connections.


A comparative formal investigation of the bath-gymnasium complex plan type in roman asia minor as a reflection of romanization and urban renewal
Dinler, Oya; Güven, Suna Naziyet; Department of History of Architecture (2007)
This thesis investigates the formal aspects of the bath-gymnasium complex plan type which was developed in Asia Minor during the Roman era in relation to the development of the the imperial thermae in Rome, the capital city of the Roman Empire. Close resemblances in the architectural configuration of bath-gymnasium complexes and imperial thermae are analyzed in order to provide complementary insight concernin the evolution of Roman bath architecture and bathing tradition. The comparative investigation of th...
The Social and symbolic role of early pottery in the Near East
Yıldırım, Burcu.; Atakuman, Çiğdem; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2019)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate the social and symbolic role of the earliest pottery in the Near East which flourished during the Neolithic Period. This dissertation provides a comparative analysis of the earliest ceramics and the relationship of pottery form and technology to the plaster and figurine technologies. As early as the 9th millennium BC, the skilled use of ceramic technology and control of fire was evident in the production of lime plaster, as well as anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figu...
New insights into the Mesolithic use of Melos obsidian in Anatolia: a pXRF analysis from the Bozburun Peninsula (southwest Turkey)
Gemici, Hasan Can; Dirican, Murat; Atakuman, Çiğdem (2022-02-01)
Bozburun Peninsula, at the easternmost intersection of the Aegean and the Mediterranean Seas, yielded evidence from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Neolithic/Chalcolithic periods as a result of recent archaeological surveys. A significant number of the chipped stone artefacts discovered here are of obsidian, a raw material not native to the peninsula and one that ultimately must have been brought in from outside. All of the obsidian artefacts recovered from the Bozburun Peninsula were analysed using a portab...
The rise of ethno-nationalism in Cyprus under the British rule: 1878-1960
Kadıoğlu, Pınar; Akçalı, Pınar; Department of International Relations (2010)
This thesis is an attempt to inquire the origins of the Cyprus conflict by analyzing the historical developments that laid the ground for the inter-communal dispute in the late 1950s, while focusing on the structural dimension of the rise of ethnonationalisms in the island. The special emphasis is given to the British period 1878-1960 in the historical analysis since the ethno-religious identity consciousnesses of the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities in the island started to turn into ethnonational one...
The display of hekatomnid power in karian settlements through urban imagery
Üzel, Ayça; Güven, Suna Naziyet; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2007)
This thesis focuses on a distinctive period in Karian history marked by the Hekatomnid dynasty in the 4th century BC. The basic question is the ways in which the Hekatomnid power was reflected in the Karian settlement practices and urban imagery. In this regard Maussollos, the most well-known member of the Hekatomnid dynasty, and his policies, including vast building projects and synoikismoi activities, are important indicators in giving a hint on Karian political praxis for the solution of conjectural prob...
Citation Formats
N. E. Altınışık et al., “A genomic snapshot of demographic and cultural dynamism in Upper Mesopotamia during the Neolithic Transition,” 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.01.31.478487v1.