MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE YEARS BETWEEN 1961-1963 CONCERNING LABOR MIGRATION FROM TURKEY TO GERMANY: THE CASES OF MILLIYET AND CUMHURIYET

2022-3-09
Yücel, Altun Begüm
This thesis work focuses on the media coverage of the years between 1961-1963 concerning labor migration from Turkey to Germany in two national newspapers, Milliyet and Cumhuriyet. In this way, this thesis work aims to reveal the extent of coverage in and approach of the two newspapers, ideologically positioning on different places, to the issue during the first two to three years, i.e., pre-determined duration of stay within the official labor migration, and to understand not only the first years of migration but also its current impacts. By forming three categories and nine subcategories that are particularly decisive topics regarding the labor migration, this thesis work investigates to what extent each newspaper covered the labor migration on these topics, through content analysis. By employing discourse analysis, it also reveals convergence and divergence between the newspapers in their approach to the labor migration. As a result of a multi-step analysis of 3426 articles, including news, columns, and advertisements, from the two newspapers’ online archives for the three years, and analysis of 444 articles for the final study, the thesis work reveals that Cumhuriyet covered the labor migration almost half as much as Milliyet. Also, both newspapers mainly covered the issue through brief and descriptive news. Finally, while the main divergence of the newspapers was encountered in articles about appreciation and praise for Turkish workers due to losing skilled workers, the main convergence is on expected development from Turkish workers, Turkish representation in Germany, and benefits and losses of the labor migration for Turkey and Germany.

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Citation Formats
A. B. Yücel, “MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE YEARS BETWEEN 1961-1963 CONCERNING LABOR MIGRATION FROM TURKEY TO GERMANY: THE CASES OF MILLIYET AND CUMHURIYET,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.