Investigating the perceptions of university students and faculty about virtual physics and chemistry laboratory activities

2022-2
Güler, Hilal
This study aims to investigate the perceptions of university students and faculty about virtual chemistry and physics laboratory activities. The study was carried out in the 2020-2021 academic year with students and faculty members who were registered to general chemistry and general physics courses in 18 different universities in different parts of Turkey. Participants of the study attended virtual laboratory activities on weekly basis as a mandatory part of their courses during the fall and spring semesters of 2020-2021 academic year. At the end of each semester, the perceptions of the participants were collected through questionnaires containing three choice questions and open-ended questions. The total number of students who voluntarily participated in the study were 88 and the number of faculty members was four. The data collected from the participants by using open-ended questions were analyzed by content analysis and presented under the headings of advantages and disadvantages by thematization. The data on the results of the three-choice questions were presented in a table with frequencies and percentages. The number of positive and negative opinions was almost the same. While there were participants who expressed negative opinions, there were also participants who expressed positive opinions, because they could do the experiments even during the pandemic period. Participants reported positive opinions with 128 frequencies in different categories and negative opinions with 112 frequencies in different categories. Almost half of the participants (47,1%) think that virtual laboratory was effective. 88.9 % of the participants stated that if they had to make a choice, they would prefer the physical laboratory even if 54% of them have no physical laboratory experience before. 42,9% of the students think that they have learned experiments when conducting experiments in virtual laboratories. The results of the current study can shed light to design, development and implementation of more effective and efficient virtual laboratory applications.

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Citation Formats
H. Güler, “Investigating the perceptions of university students and faculty about virtual physics and chemistry laboratory activities,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.