Construction of narrative worlds in mimetic and anti-mimetic fiction: A critical reading of Possible Worlds Theory

Doğan Aslantatar, Sadenur
This study explores the construction of narrative worlds in mimetic and anti-mimetic fiction through a critical reading of Possible Worlds Theory. A canonical example of mimetic fiction, Charles Dickens’ David Copperfield (1850), is analyzed by means of the literary critical tools offered by the theory. The mimetic principle and the realist assumptions are at work in this novel and it is argued that this proves to be effective in examining the functioning of narrative worlds in the light of Possible Worlds Theory. However, the same theoretical tools fall short while investigating two typical examples of anti-mimetic fiction, Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy (1759-1767), a metafictional novel, and Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children (1981), a historiographic metafictional novel. Anti-mimetic practices such as self-reflexivity and narratorial interruptions result in a counteractive movement between the narrative worlds in Sterne’s novel and this requires a revision in the theory, which originally depends on mimetic genres. Similarly, Rushdie’s novel, with its political agenda of reclaiming history together with its metafictional features, cannot be thoroughly analyzed through the original version of the theory; and, therefore, another revision is needed so as to accommodate the anti-mimetic practices of the novel. In this respect, this study tests and revises Possible Worlds Theory in such a way that it comes to be an effective means of analysis for both mimetic and anti-mimetic fictional genres.


Considering a Theory of Autopoietic Culture
Boyd, Scott H. (2011-01-01)
This article questions the predominance of pragmatism and fixed points of reference in academic paradigms regarding culture and proposes a theory of autopoietic culture based on a theory of living forms developed by the biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela. The central part of the theory of autopoietic culture is that culture, something originating with humanity and reflected upon by the same, is an autonomous and autonomic unity that is a network of processes and production of components that ...
Reconstruction of collective memory through spatial representations of İzmir waterfront, since the 1920s
Yüksel, Pınar; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2015)
This study explores the spatial transformation of Kordonboyu and its representations under the theoretical framework of collective memory. Memory as a dynamic and evolving phenomenon with regard to the associated social frameworks of an everchanging present is a collective entity. Urban space that is under continuous transformation within political, economic, and social discourses constitutes the material background of these social frameworks. This research examines the construction and maintenance of colle...
"The Inwardness of the Modern Mind": Reading Henry James through a Hegelian Spirit
Çırakman, Elif (2010-01-01)
The aim of this article is to investigate the ways in which memory and imagination operate in and through the development of consciousness in literary texts. Its guiding theme shall be the double consciousness in modern life which sets the plot for one of the masterpieces of Henry James, The Ambassadors (1903). Thus The Ambassadors artfully crafts the "inwardness of the modern mind" by plotting it as a process of maturity and of becoming mindful through the powers of imagination, recollection and memory. Th...
Theoretical Frameworks Methods and Procedures for Conducting Phenomenological Studies
YÜKSEL ARSLAN, PELİN; Yıldırım, İbrahim Soner (2015-01-01)
The main purposes of phenomenological research are to seek reality from individuals’ narratives of their experiences and feelings, and to produce in-depth descriptions of the phenomenon. Phenomenological research studies in educational settings generally embody lived experience, perception, and feelings of participants about a phenomenon. This study aims to provide a general framework for researchers who are interested in phenomenological studies especially in educational setting. Additionally, the study pr...
Heidegger's Hölderlin interpretations in Andenken hymn : the feast
Arslan, Mahmuthan; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2012)
This thesis explores Heidegger's Hölderlin interpretations to exhibit Heidegger's thoughts on history as a destiny of a people. The feast as the occasion of the encounter of gods and men will be set as the the inception of the history and the time of the balanced destiny. The course of history will be explained as a result of compliance and accordance with destiny, other than being an output of cause-effect chain.
Citation Formats
S. Doğan Aslantatar, “Construction of narrative worlds in mimetic and anti-mimetic fiction: A critical reading of Possible Worlds Theory,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2022.