Minority Stress and Mental Health of Gay Men in Turkey: The Mediator Roles of Shame and Forgiveness of Self

Unsal, Berk Can
Bozo Özen, Özlem
Proximal minority stressors (i.e., internalized homonegativity, anticipation of rejection, and concealment of sexual identity) lead to depression and anxiety. General psychological factors mediate the association of proximal stressors with depression and anxiety. Based on this, the present study aimed to investigate the sequential mediating roles of shame and forgiveness of self on the relations of proximal stressors with depression and anxiety in a sample of self-identified gay men in Turkey (N = 200). The findings revealed that proximal stressors significantly predicted depression and anxiety indirectly through shame and self-forgiveness. Thus, the link between minority stress and shame should be considered in clinical practice, and self-forgiveness should be integrated into intervention programs to eliminate the negative impacts of shame on depression and anxiety among this population. Limitations and directions for future studies are presented.


Effects of shame and self-forgiveness on mental health of gay men in Turkey: a minority stress perspective
Ünsal, Berk Can; Bozo Özen, Özlem; Department of Psychology (2020)
The present master's thesis aimed to investigate the relations between minority stress processes (i.e., distal stressors and proximal stressors) and mental health outcomes (i.e., depression, anxiety, and non-suicidal self-injury [NSSI]) as well as the mediating roles of shame and forgiveness of self in these associations among gay men in Turkey. Data were collected from 200 gay men aged between 18 and 48. The results of the study indicated that while both distal and proximal minority stress processes predic...
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The current study investigates the direct and indirect associations between positive affect, negative affect, psychological dating aggression victimization, cognitive flexibility, internalized homophobia, and psychological dating aggression perpetration among lesbian, gay, and bi+sexual individuals. The study sample consisted of 522 LGB+ individuals gathered from various online platforms. Turkish versions of the Multidimensional Measure of Emotional Abuse, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, Internalized...
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Citation Formats
B. C. Unsal and Ö. Bozo Özen, “Minority Stress and Mental Health of Gay Men in Turkey: The Mediator Roles of Shame and Forgiveness of Self,” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, pp. 0–0, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/96976.