The foreign policy of the United States towards Saudi Arabia and Iran in the 21st century

Tokar, Cansu
This thesis aims to provide an analysis of the United States foreign policy towards the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran in the 21st century. In doing so, a leadership styles perspective under Foreign Policy Analysis is adopted to categorize different approaches of three United States presidents: George Walker Bush (2001-2009), Barack Hussein Obama (2009- 2017), and Donald John Trump (2017-2021). Both Saudi Arabia and Iran have been influential actors in the Middle East and hereby, the foreign policy of the United States towards both actors has been significant. Through a study concerning the developments of the 21st century, this study tries to reflect how the United States foreign policy has changed according to the United States Presidents in charge.


The Role of political salafism in the formation of Saudi Arabia and the taliban regime
Öztürk, Selim; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Sociology (2018)
This dissertation aims to analyze the role of political Salafism in the formation of early Saudi emirates, today’s Saudi Kingdom and the Taliban regime (1996-2001) in Afghanistan. The study examines the formation of the Salafi creed in the Medieval Age first and then focuses on the formation of political Salafism with regard to the political developments and conflicts during the Abbasid era. Then, then it focuses on the rise of political Salafism in the 14th century with ibn Taymiyyah’s struggle against the...
The reform movement in Iran: discourse and deeds
Hızır, Agah; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of Eurasian Studies (2006)
The objective of this thesis is to analyze the Khatami Period of 1997-2005 in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Reform Movement that brought Khatami to the presidency and the grounds of the incongruity between the discourse and the outcomes of the movement is examined. The reasons of this incongruity are the focus of this study. The structure of the thesis is as follows: In the first chapter, a brief summary of the history of democracy in Iran is examined, since in Iran without a historical perspective, it ...
The Intra-islamic conflicts and the shifting dynamics of the Middle East regional security complex from the Iraq war to the rise of ISIS
Khodabandeh Loui, Hadi; Şen, Mustafa; Department of Middle East Studies (2019)
This thesis aims to analyse the impact of intra-Islamic conflicts on the security interactions in the Middle East regional subsystem in the context of the ongoing structural transformation of the region. This study will evaluate two main narratives concerning the role of the sectarian identities on the intra and inter-state security dynamics: 1) Deep Sunni-Shīʿī antagonism as a primordial conflictual factor in the Middle East 2) Sectarian strife has a secondary impact on the ongoing conflicts and is mainly ...
Iranian foreign policy in the 2000s : a neo-realist perspective
Gedikli, Gürsel Fırat; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of Middle East Studies (2014)
This thesis aims to analyze the foreign policy of Iran in a historical perspective in the 2000s. In this context, the details of the 9/11 attacks to the US, its foreign policy change as a response to the terrorist attacks and the region-wide uprisings called as Arab Spring were underlined and their effects towards the Iranian foreign policy were discussed. The thesis argues that Iranian foreign policy in the 2000s can best be explained via neo-realist theory by attaching highest importance on the country’s ...
The politics of bilateral aid: An inquiry into selectivity and effectiveness of the United States foreign aid to Pakistan
Rahim, Tariq; Özdemir, Yonca; Political Science and International Relations (2017-8)
This thesis aims to analyze two aspects of the United States (US) foreign aid given to Pakistan bilaterally; namely, selectivity and effectiveness. In relation to the first aspect, it attempts to explore the motives and objectives of the US which led its policymakers to choose Pakistan as a recipient country. For the sake of a comprehensive analysis, the study examines the US bilateral aid both historically and contemporarily and thus it focuses on the allocation of aid to Pakistan during the Cold War perio...
Citation Formats
C. Tokar, “The foreign policy of the United States towards Saudi Arabia and Iran in the 21st century,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.