Combined U-Pb ages and Lu-Hf systematics of detrital zircons from Early Cambrian Gondwanan siliciclastic rocks in S Turkey: Provenance and correlations with coeval successions in peri-Gondwanan terranes

2022-07-01
Gürsu, Semih
Köksal, Serhat
Möller, Andreas
Kamenov, George D.
Cemal Göncüoğlu, M.
Hefferan, Kevin
Mueller, Paul A.
Kozlu, Hüseyin
© 2022 International Association for Gondwana ResearchDetrital U-Pb age peaks and εHf(t) and TDM(Hf) of peri-Gondwanan units of S Turkey indicate that they may have been derived from Neoproterozoic igneous suites in the Sinai Peninsula (Egypt), Israel (Elat) and Eastern Desert (Egypt) part of the Nubian Shield. Early Cambrian siliciclastics in the peri-Gondwanan units of S Turkey consist of quartzites in the Menderes Massif of the Tauride-Anatolide Platform (TAP), meta-quartz arenites in the different Alpine tectonic slivers of the TAP-margin and quartz-arenites in the Southeast Anatolian Autochthon Belt (SAAB). Geochemical data indicate that these sediments are likely to be derived from sedimentary recycling processes in oxic depositional basins within a continental back-arc tectonic setting. They were opened after the formation of the Avalonian-Cadomian magmatic arc. In the TAP, the youngest detrital zircon 238U/206Pb ages are range from 530.6 + 6.3/-12.0 Ma to 549.4 ± 10 Ma and from 551.9 + 7.9/-8.4 Ma to 545.8 ± 11 Ma in the SAAB verifying the Early Cambrian maximum depositional ages for the sampled siliciclastic successions. In the TAP, meta-quartz arenites, Neoproterozoic detrital zircons make up about 75% of the total grains, whereas they constitute about 88 % in the SAAB sedimentary rocks. Tonian zircons in the TAP (>40 %) and SAAB (<32 %) reveal key populations to determine their provenance and the paleotectonic positions of the respective terranes. The combination of U-Pb age and Lu-Hf systematics in the detrital zircons of the TAP and SAAB show that age groups at 535 to 562 Ma and 888 to 3370 Ma are mainly represented by the zircons derived from evolved sources with a limited juvenile component. The predominant zircon age groups between 577 and 854 Ma in the TAP and SAAB, on the other hand, were derived from juvenile to evolved sources. Non-parametric Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests suggest that Early Cambrian successions in the TAP (except Kocaosman-Isparta) may have been located in similar paleogeographic locations with coeval successions in the SAAB during the Early Cambrian. U-Pb geochronology and Lu-Hf systematics of the Early Cambrian successions in the TAP and SAAB indicate that the dominant detrital zircon age groups were mainly sourced and transported to continental back-arc fluvial to shallow marine sedimentary environments from igneous rocks of the Nubian Shield and the Saharan Metacraton by a combination of the glaciers, eolian events and multiple-stage erosional and sedimentary recycling processes during the Early Cambrian (ca 520 Ma). The provenance of the Early Cambrian successions in the TAP and SAAB correlate with the provenance areas of the coeval siliciclastic sequences in Israel and Jordan (Arabian Shield), Iraq and Iran and the peri-Gondwanan Carpathians, rather than the Early Cambrian successions in the central and southern European peri-Gondwanan terranes.
Gondwana Research

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Citation Formats
S. Gürsu et al., “Combined U-Pb ages and Lu-Hf systematics of detrital zircons from Early Cambrian Gondwanan siliciclastic rocks in S Turkey: Provenance and correlations with coeval successions in peri-Gondwanan terranes,” Gondwana Research, vol. 107, pp. 423–450, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85129474179&origin=inward.