Nation as conceptualised in Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

2022-01-01
Sungur, Zeynep Tuba
© 2022 Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.The departing point of this study is to understand the implications of ‘nation-building’ as a Western initiative in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–2021) particularly in terms of the local conceptualisation of nation or millat. Based on this larger question, the goal of this study is to reveal the idea of nation as presented in the discourse of education constructed by the state of Afghanistan. To this end, the study employs three major primary resources: official state documents, school textbooks and expert interviews conducted at the Ministry of Education in Afghanistan. Pursuing a qualitative research methodology, the study uncovers four major elements that make up the idea of the ‘nation of Afghanistan’ or the millat-e Afghanistan: (1) Islam, (2) watan (homeland), (3) qawm and (4) Afghaniyat (Afghanness). Reflecting a very specific understanding of nation that is peculiar to the context of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, this study concludes that the Western-imposed form of nation has a local content which struggles hard to keep the idea of nation together.
Nations and Nationalism

Suggestions

What education builds as nation in afghanistan: a case of nation-building
Sungur, Zeynep Tuba; Yıldırım, Erdoğan; Department of Area Studies (2020-9)
The departing point of this thesis is to understand the implications of nation-building as a Western initiative in contemporary Afghanistan in the post-2001 period. Based on this larger question, the thesis investigates the meaning of ‘nation’ as a concept that is externally introduced to this country. In this framework, the goal of this thesis is to reveal the idea of nation as presented particularly in the discourse of education constructed by the state of Afghanistan. To this end, the thesis employs thre...
A comparison of the nation-building practices of Uzbekistan and Turkey
Yurtbilir, Mustafa Murat; Bölükbaşıoğlu, Süha; Department of International Relations (2011)
This dissertation compares nation-building practices of post-Soviet Uzbekistan and post-Ottoman Turkey. In both cases the legitimacy principle of collapsed imperial polities which was largely based on universal ideologies or on the dynastic and religious principles, had to be replaced by the nationality principle. The politics of nation-building thus served first and foremost to reinstitute the legitimacy. The dissertation analyzes three aspects of nation-building; ideology, history and language. The genera...
The Impact Of Rising Kazakh Nationalism On Minorities In The Post-Soviet Nation-Building
Binici, Duygu; Ergun Özbolat, Ayça; Department of Eurasian Studies (2022-6)
This study examines process of nation-building in Kazakhstan with concentrating on the nature of majority-minority relations regarding the rising nationalism in Kazakhstan. To gain a better perspective on Kazakhstan's nation-building policies, the thesis examines the post-Soviet nation-building experiences and the legacy of the Russian Empire and Soviet nationality policies particularly in Kazakhstan. Moreover, the state's nation-building policies attempt to construct Kazakh nation after independence are pu...
Nationalism and religion in the textbooks of the early republican period in Turkey
Babahan, Ali; Tokluoğlu, Ayşe Ceylan; Department of Sociology (2014)
This study focuses on a detailed analysis of the relationship between nationalism and religion (Islam) in textbooks taught in Turkish education system between 1924 and 1950. It can be regarded as a re-assessment of general assumptions in the literature presuming the dominance of an authoritative secular nationalism in the textbooks of the whole early republican period. In this respect, the textbooks used at primary, middle and high school levels as part of the history, citizenship, sociology, and religion c...
Communication in an academic context
Gizir, S; Simsek, H (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-09-01)
The purpose of this qualitative case study is to investigate the most common communication problems from the views of faculty members at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. The sample of this study consists of 50 faculty members including professors, associate professors, assistant professors, and instructors from five largest departments representing five colleges at the Middle East Technical University. The data were gathered by utilizing interview method, including 19 interview questi...
Citation Formats
Z. T. Sungur, “Nation as conceptualised in Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,” Nations and Nationalism, pp. 0–0, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85128822926&origin=inward.