Çavuşoğlu, Tutku
This study aims to analyzing the origins of the principle of devolution of powers in the Ottoman Administration. It is tried to explain that the reforms that started with the Tanzimat Edict were made due to a pressure from the people, through the rebellions, complaints and discontent against public administration in various regions. The modernization theory are criticized over the approaches in the works of various authors, with the claim of thesis that the reform process is connected with a pressure coming from below, rather than reading through individuals or bureaucrats. The reform texts related to the administration from the Tanzimat Edict to the Temporary Law on General Provincial Administration of 1913 are examined not only on the basis of the principle of devolution of powers, but also on the transformation in the administration in order to create a general panoramic picture. After examining the first period in which the powers of the governors were taken away with the Muhassıllık Institution, the 1842 Regulation, the 1846 Regulation and the 1849 Regulation, respectively, and the governors were turned into simple and unauthorized civil servants in the center. With the 1852 Regulation and the following 1858 Regulation and its drawbacks were understood and the principle of devolution of powers introduced into the Ottoman Administrative System. Furthermore, other administrative reform texts that follow are discussed in terms of reform. In addition, the transition to the provincial system in the 1860s and the development of the principle of devolution of powers through the position of the governor and the transformation of the administration are searched in this thesis. With the promulgation of the Ottoman Basic Law and other supporting administrative texts and the last province law in 1913, the transformation of the Ottoman Administrative System was completed and transferred to the Republic of Turkey.


The role of the Young Ottomans in the transformation of mentality in the Ottoman Empire
Kaplan, Ferhat; Ertuğrul, Kürşad; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2007)
The main topic of this study is determining the role of the Young Ottomans in mentality transformation in the Ottoman Empire from the traditional one to a modern one. Their proposals aim to change three patterns of the Ottoman state and society. The relation between state and the individual is the first issue. They tried to create an Ottoman citizenry, enhanced with freedom and political rights, from a reaya. In the second step they imagined a modern society. Their proposals, which imply a secular system, a...
Changing publicness of urban parks through time the case of Güvenpark, Ankara
Yılmaz, Aslıhan; Baş Bütüner, Funda; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of City and Regional Planning (2015)
This thesis discusses the evolution of publicness expressed through different spatial planning approaches and interventions over the history of the Turkish Republic. Urban space is ideological and they are produced in accordance with an ideology. Throughout history, urban spaces undergo transformation and change in accordance with changing economic and socio-political dynamics. These dynamics not only transform urban space, but also affect the conception of publicness in society. In a sense, intervention in...
Historical Sociology and International Relations: Geopolitics, Capitalism and State System
Yalvaç, Faruk (2013-06-01)
This article attempts to critically adress the development of the relation between historical sociology and international relations theory. It evaluates the main stages of the historical sociological approaches in IR and the main issues of contention. Historical sociological approaches to IR have evolved from a Weberian stage in 1970s and 80s to a point where it is heavily dominated by historical materialist approaches today. The focus of these debates is to develop a historical materialist undersanding of ...
Vision of Modernity in the Early Turkish Republic: An Overview
Şeker, Nesim (2007-09-01)
: This article presents the main debates and existing lines of investigation about the foundation of the actual Turkey and which have been the factors of its process of modernization, examining the meaning and the principles of the kemalist political movement and its influence in the conformation of the contemporary Turkish State. Elements such as the political Islamism, the Kurd nationalism and the projects of integration with Europe are analyzed. As result of the combination of these factors, Turkish poli...
Basic changes in the Iranian education system before and after Islamic Rovolution
Tamer, Yasin; Şen, Mustafa; Department of Middle East Studies (2010)
This thesis analyzes the changes occured in the Iranian education system. The changes occured before and after the Islamic Revolution are main themes. Reform attempts, modernization, westernization, secularization, purification and Islamization of Iranian education system will be discussed along with comments of notable figures. The thesis will also trace the history of modernization and development of Iran as well as introducing political ideas of ruling elites how they defined projects to transform Irania...
Citation Formats
T. Çavuşoğlu, “ORIGINS OF THE PRINCIPLE OF DEVOLUTION OF POWERS IN OTTOMAN ADMINISTRATION,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.