An Overview of Turkey-KRG Relations After The 2017 Independence Referendum Initiative: From Securitizaton to Compartmentalization

Yıldırım, Zeynel
The thesis concentrates fundamentally on Turkey- KRG bilateral relations after the 2017 independence referendum, based on a brief historical background in the 1990s and early 2000s. Although Turkey-KRG relations had faced several hardships stemming from the domestic politics of both sides, regional conflicts, and problems at the international level, bilateral links developed consistently between 2007-08 and 2017. This study examines the factors that convinced the Iraqi Kurdish leadership to hold an independence referendum and Turkey’s reaction to it. However, it is argued that both domestic and regional conditions compelled Turkey and the KRG to cooperate after the referendum. The study concludes with the argument that Turkey does not accept any independent Kurdish political entity in the short or medium term. However, Turkey and the KRG have learned to materialize their mutual interests, establishing functioning relations in certain areas without satisfying Kurdish political aspirations’. This is defined as the compartmentalization of relations.


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Citation Formats
Z. Yıldırım, “An Overview of Turkey-KRG Relations After The 2017 Independence Referendum Initiative: From Securitizaton to Compartmentalization,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.