This thesis develops an account of value pluralism which claims that the conception of “the political” is constituted by value pluralism and accordingly, “the political” is the sphere that is comprised of plural values and aims. Within this account of value pluralism, making compromises is accepted to be the viable option of resolving conflicts and disagreements in the political sphere. Besides, as this thesis argues, when compromises are made sensibly, the plural ways of expression are maintained in the political sphere without prioritizing liberty as a value and without a need of grounding liberalism on a comprehensive doctrine. In this thesis, I explore three different pluralist versions of liberalism, namely Berlin’s liberal account of value pluralism, Rawls’ “political liberalism” and Gray’s “agonistic liberalism”. After examining each of them from the value pluralist account of this thesis, I claim that it is not possible for us to reach a rational and universal consensus. However, this does not mean that the political sphere is to be defined in purely agonistic terms or that it should be as Mouffe depicts it within her “adversarial” approach. It does mean that we make sensible compromises leading us to grasp the political sphere to be constituted by non-consensual pluralistic liberal elements, such as irreducibly plural values and incomparable perspectives.


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Citation Formats
M. ATALAY, “VALUE PLURALISM AND COMPROMISE IN THE POLITICAL SPHERE,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2022.