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Modeling Cash Flows Under IFRS17: TÜRK Case
Jubeh, Rinad; Kestel, Sevtap Ayşe; Haçarız, Oytun; Department of Actuarial Sciences (2022-8-5)
By the introduction of IFRS17, vital changes in measurements of insurance contracts are expected. This requires to assess the liabilities of insurance companies by two kinds. These are (i) fulfilment cash flows and (ii) contractual service margin, in which policyholder cash flows are the nucleus of both. Hence, this thesis consists of two main parts. Firstly, we use panel data analysis to analyze policyholder cash flows in respect to Türk returns, insurer’s cash outflows and changes in cash. Secondly, we co...
Geotechnical properties of coarse-fine mixtures and their interaction with geogrids through large direct shear testing
Ekici, Anıl; Huvaj Sarıhan, Nejan; Akgüner, Cem; Department of Civil Engineering (2022-6)
Different proportions of gravel, sand, nonplastic silt, kaolin, and bentonite were mixed to obtain ten coarse-fine mixtures (CFM) having 0%, 12%, 20%, 30%, 40% fines content (FC) and 5% and 15% plasticity indices (PI). Mixtures were evaluated to identify behavioral thresholds and address backfill restrictions in commonly used guidelines to design reinforced earth walls. All CFM specimens were initially compacted to 95% of standard Proctor dry density at optimum moisture content. Index, hydraulic properties,...
THE IMPACT OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN ON USERS’ SENSE OF SAFETY IN OPEN SPACES: INCREASING PALESTINIAN REFUGEES’ SENSE OF SAFETY IN OPEN SPACES IN BAQA’A CAMP IN JORDAN
ABUZAID, HADEEL; Severcan, Yücel Can; Akkar Ercan, Zübeyde Müge; Department of City and Regional Planning (2022-6-16)
Since the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in 1948, thousands of Palestinians have been forced to leave their home and be displaced to poor urban settlements. The High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) recognized that safety issues in camp areas might affect refugees' experience in open spaces. Baqa'a refugee camp in Jordan is one of the largest Palestinian refugee camps in the middle east, with a high proportion of refugees, so it provides research context for open spaces in permanent refugee camps. This study...
FPM Based Partitioning and Assignment Algorithm for Data Parallel Applications on Heterogeneous Platforms
Alasmar, Mahmoud; Akar, Gözde; Bazlamaçcı, Cüneyt F.; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2022-7-01)
Advances in modern computing devices and applications created the challenge of efficient utilization of resources in satisfying the requirements of running applica- tions. The present work aims to find an efficient workload distribution algorithm for data parallel applications of type single program multiple data (SPMD) running on a heterogeneous computing platform. We first consider a discrete functional perfor- mance model (FPM) that integrates processing speed and capacity of processing ele- ments with t...
FINITE GROUP ACTIONS ON FOUR MANIFOLDS
Küçük, Başak; Pamuk, Semra; Department of Mathematics (2022-7-21)
In the area of group actions on manifolds, we either fix a group G and ask the question whether G acts or not on some certain manifolds or we fix the manifold M and ask which groups can act on M in a certain way. In this thesis, we will focus on the latter; present some known and recent results about finite group actions on closed, connected, orientable four-manifolds. The group actions that are considered are topological and locally linear. We will give a detailed overview of the rank conditions of the gro...
THE IMPACT OF REFUGEE STATUS ON LANGUAGE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yeter, Özlem; Özge, Duygu; Temürcü, Ceyhan; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2022-7-29)
To this day, there is no detailed information on how experiences related to forced displacement affect cognitive and linguistic development of the Syrian refugee children. To address this gap in the literature, 25 low-SES Syrian refugee children (9-year-old) were tested for their working memory (WM), inhibitory control (IC), shifting, fluid intelligence abilities as well as vocabulary abilities. Their scores were compared with two low-SES non-refugee same-age control groups: Turkish monolinguals (N = 20) an...
Numerical Modeling of Long Waves from Atypical Sources: Atmospheric Disturbances and Volcanic Origin
Doğan Bingöl, Gözde Güney; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet; Department of Civil Engineering (2022-6-30)
Earthquakes are the main cause mechanisms of tsunamis and large tsunamigenic earthquakes, especially in the subduction zones, occur on relatively much shorter timescales, but destructive tsunamis are also produced by volcanic eruptions, which have been threatening the coastal communities throughout history. Furthermore, while earthquake-generated tsunamis have been studied immensely, there is less focus on research related to tsunamis induced by atmospheric disturbances (meteotsunamis). Consequently, this s...
SGLC: A LOGICAL CLOCK USING SUCCINCT GRAPHS
Sokoto, Saidu Aliyu Isa; Onur, Ertan; Department of Computer Engineering (2022-7-1)
This thesis presents a new logical clock, SGLC, capable of capturing causality relationships in distributed systems. SGLC relies on a succinct graph representation codable and decodable in polynomial time while storing the graphs as integers. What makes SGLC feasible is that directed graphs can be used to implement logical clocks. Consequently, the main goal of introducing SGLC is to reduce the communication overhead of transporting causal history graphs by encapsulating the causality relationships of event...
Optimization of overtopping type wave energy converters on existing breakwaters
Sayar, Serim Doğaç; Özyurt Tarakcıoğlu, Gülizar; Department of Civil Engineering (2022-7)
Global electricity generation today relies heavily on fossil fuels. Therefore, the need to create innovative and reliable technologies that can consistently generate clean and renewable electricity is of great importance. Generating electricity from wave energy has great potential although, the methods used to convert wave energy has limited applications in real life. Turkey surrounded by different wave conditions is a candidate for such applications. In the literature, there are various studies in which re...
Issue 1
Issue 1, 49, ODTÜ Gelişme Dergisi
Volume 49
49, ODTÜ Gelişme Dergisi
A Parameter Error Identification Method for Power Plant Dynamic Models
Açılan, Etki; Göl, Murat; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2022-6-30)
Incorrect parameters in a power plant dynamic model affect the analysis results and control decisions in a power system, which may have serious consequences. The online calibration techniques in the literature utilize sensitivity analysis to determine the identifiable parameters before the calibration, and treat majority of sensitive parameters as potentially erroneous. Hence, the candidate parameter subset for calibration mostly consists of distractors, i.e. highly sensitive but already correct parameters....
EFFECTIVENESS OF CONCEPTUAL CHANGE STRATEGIES IN SCIENCE EDUCATION: A META-ANALYSIS
Paçacı, Çağatay; Özdemir, Ömer Faruk; Üstün, Ulaş; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2022-6-29)
There is extensive literature focusing on students’ misconceptions in various subject domains. Several conceptual change approaches have been trying to understand how conceptual change occurs to help learners handle these misconceptions. This meta-analysis aimed to integrate studies investigating the effectiveness of three types of conceptual change strategies; cognitive conflict, cognitive bridging, and ontological category shift in science learning. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate...
Kernel probabilistic distance clustering algorithms
Özkan, Dilay; İyigün, Cem; Department of Industrial Engineering (2022-7)
Clustering is an unsupervised learning method that groups data considering the similarities between objects (data points). Probabilistic Distance Clustering (PDC) is a soft clustering approach based on some principles. Instead of directly assigning an object to a cluster, it assigns them to clusters with a membership probability. PDC is a simple yet effective clustering algorithm that performs well on spherical-shaped and linearly separable data sets. Traditional clustering algorithms fail when the data ...
EVALUATION OF SUSTAINABILITY IN HOSPITALITY SECTOR IN TURKEY AND COMPARATIVE LIFECYCLE ASSESSMENTS OF ACCOMMODATION OPTIONS
Akdemir Yılmaz, Kadriye; Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira; Department of Building Science in Architecture (2022-5-11)
Currently, one of the most important factors influencing the future of the world is tourism, due to its negative effects on the natural environment and consumption of natural resources. The tourism sector, which offers its guests natural and cultural beauties in the region where it is located, will not be able to survive if the potential danger to natural environment and resources is not halted. In other words, sustainable tourism is entirely dependent on the sustainability of the environment and resources....
The Saudi-Wahhabis (1744-1902): A Study on Wahhabism and Its Politics
Özatağ, Onur; Boztemur, Recep; Güner Özden , Selda; Department of History (2022-8-3)
The work in hand follows the one and a half century development and change process of the Wahhābī movement from its beginning. Originating from Inner Arabia, the Wahhābis engaged in a struggle with many political and cultural structures that they considered foreign and infidel during this time. Every encounter with the outsiders triggered interaction and change as well as ideological conflict. Wahhābism, which can be considered as a puritanical state-making movement, has followed a policy of expansionism by...
Women's Experiences of Ageing: Social Participation of Grandmothers Providing Daycare
Demirkol, Begüm; Aybars, Ayşe İdil; Department of Sociology (2022-8)
Considering the demographic changes in Turkey, it has become inevitable to address the social dimension of aging. This study aims to show the effect of daycare provided to their grandchildren by aging women on their social participation. The concept of social participation is examined under three headings: community life, interpersonal relations, and leisure time activities. This study, conducted in light of Feminist Standpoint Theory, will show the effect of unpaid care work on social participation, which ...
RE-UNDERSTANDING MULTIDISCIPLINARY BUILDING DESIGN PROCESSES TOWARDS THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABILITY: A MULTI-LAYERED DESIGN APPROACH
DURAN, ÖZGE SELEN; Güzer, Celal Abdi; Department of Architecture (2022-7-7)
Sustainability has been one of the most researched and discussed issues within the realm of architecture as a discipline and also within the building design as a practice. However, the focal point in the majority of existing studies concentrate primarily on the design development and building performances based on the components of the design, where pre-design and post-design phases as well as multidimensional contribution of different actors are excluded. Therefore, perceiving and evaluating the entire pr...
IMPACT OF PATENT INCENTIVES ON INNOVATION PERFORMANCE OF TECHNOLOGY-BASED FIRMS: THE CASE OF METU TECHNOPARK
İÇİN, İREM; Erdil, Erkan; YALÇINER, UĞUR GÜRŞAD; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2022-7-8)
Technoparks, as an area of innovation, are significant for the development of sustainability of the innovation of technology-based firms within it. Patents are the one of the factors that affect innovation performance of these firms. At this point, the main purpose of the thesis is revealing the actual impact of patent incentives on the innovation performance of technology-based firms. In order to measure the impact, the study field of the thesis is identified as the METU Technopark. The pioneering step of ...
Using system dynamics to support strategic decision-making: the case of digitalization in modular construction company
Kaya, Hazal Deniz; Dikmen Toker, İrem; Department of Civil Engineering (2022-7)
Digital technologies have become a part of the transformative change of industries for more efficient production, business models, and value chains with the onset of Industry 4.0. The AEC business had to follow this trend due to globalization and the increasing complexity of projects, and the use of digital technologies for innovation has become increasingly common. However, it is common knowledge that the construction industry takes a long time to incorporate new technology and adapt business models to dig...