Reliability and Validation of Turkish Version of the 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire

Gundogmus, Ibrahim
Unsal, Cansu
Alma Uzuntuna, Leyla
Kul, Aysegul Tasdelen
Aydin, Mehmet Sinan
Bolu, Abdullah
Oznur, Taner
Objective: Hikikomori, a form of severe and long-term social withdrawal, known to cause the waste of work force in society and the decrease in performance, has recently been accepted as a psychiatric disorder. After realizing the lack of assessment instruments related to this syndrome, the 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire (HQ-25) was developed by the researchers. The aim of the study is to examine the HQ-25's adaptation to the Turkish language, its validity and reliability.


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Citation Formats
I. Gundogmus et al., “Reliability and Validation of Turkish Version of the 25-item Hikikomori Questionnaire,” PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 235–242, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: