A preliminary prioritization framework of seismic safety for historical structures in Türkiye

Temiz, Caner
Historical structures have great importance since they form the basis of cultural identity of countries. Among these structures, those located in seismically active regions have been exposed to many earthquakes since they were built. Due to these seismic effects, historical structures are under constant risk of severe damage and collapse. Historical structures are mainly constructed as masonry structures prior to the development of more advanced and scientific construction methods and seismic resistance provisions. However, masonry construction is still important from the points of sustainability, durability, safety, appearance, and wide range of applications. There are thousands of historical structures located in Türkiye under considerable seismic hazard. Hence, a practical approach is necessary to receive a rapid and effective evaluation of the seismic safety. The approach selected in this study is the multi-criteria decision analysis methods. In this study, a preliminary seismic safety prioritization framework is proposed which does not require the application of extensive modeling and analysis approaches for assessment of historical structures in terms of seismic safety. Using this simplest framework, prioritization of the structures is aimed to take early precautions and to be more selective for future detailed studies. The framework presented herein evaluates the seismic safety of historical structures considering geological, seismological, structural and social parameters. In this thesis, a total of 250 different historical structures in Türkiye are selected and evaluated in terms of seismic safety. Almost all the cities of Türkiye are included in the dataset which provides an extensive study of the seismic safety of the historical structures in the country. In this dataset, various types of masonry structures such as churches, mosques, inns, and towers are included. As a case study, the proposed framework is applied to the selected historical structures.


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Citation Formats
C. Temiz, “A preliminary prioritization framework of seismic safety for historical structures in Türkiye,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.