Kalafat, Kaan
Even after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, the European Union -as a single market- is still among the biggest economies in the world. However, retaining and expanding this economy is a big hurdle to tackle due to the dependency on ever-decreasing natural resources on the continent that fuel it. Therefore, there have been attempts made by the Union to sustain its resource demand for the duration of transitioning to renewables. One such attempt is the usage of natural gas as a stopgap energy source until this transition is complete. Although the European Union is not internally self-sufficient in said natural gas, there are still some benefits for its utilisation with perhaps the biggest one being having a lesser ecological footprint when compared to other carbon-based resources. The usage of natural gas also brings the question of whether the European Union can eliminate its dependency on its biggest partner, Russia. Since the relationship between the two is historically tumultuous and the recent conflict flaring between Russia and Ukraine has pushed this question to the forefront. This thesis thus, aims to identify the actions of the European Union in the field of both liquefied and the natural gas. It will look through the infrastructure capabilities in both LNG as well as natural gas pipeline sectors to come up with an evaluation for the viability of EU’s achieving its energy independence specifically from natural gas imports from Russia.


Reforming the European union budget: a socıal constructivist policy approach
Deniz, Mustafa; Kahraman, Sevilay; Department of International Relations (2010)
The budget of the European Union has accomplished a significant role for European integration in the history of the Union. However, it has not resulted into anticipated developments compatible with the Union’s institutional policy reform process in the last decades. The budget has emerged as a consequence of path dependent developments in its historical progress, which has dragged the European Union to a critical stage. It is rather challenging for the Union now to sustain the current structure of the budge...
Tax expenditures in the European Union and Turkey
Coşkun, Zeynep; Aşçıoğlu Öz, Gamze; Department of European Studies (2010)
This thesis analyzes the tax incentives and protection measures in the European Union and Turkey. The definition and classification of these measures in the form of tax expenditures will be stated in this study. EU’s tax provisions in sources of the Acquis Communautaire will be described followed by the practice in the EU’s major policy fields. The legal background and major policy implications of these tax policy measures in the framework of Turkey’s tax laws will be explained followed by an evaluation of ...
EU's Cross-Border Cooperation and Conflict Transformation at Contested Borders in the European Neighbourhood: Lessons from the Turkish-Armenian Border
Dogangun, Gokten; Karadağ, Yelda (2019-05-01)
In the post-Cold War period, the European Union's neighbourhood policy towards its emerging eastern neighbours aims to surround the European Union (EU) with a ring of secure, stable and prosperous neighbouring countries. Advancing conflict transformation through cross-border cooperation initiatives constitutes a crucial part of the European neighbourhood policy. Cross-border interaction and cooperation are expected to lessen the heavy burden of sealed borders by decreasing isolation and indifference and pro...
Kahraman, Sevilay (Ankara Avrupa Calismalari Dergisi, 2006)
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) which can be viewed as the most significant geopolitical project of the European Union (EU) after 2004 enlargement, also constitutes one of the key issues of the external agenda of the Union. The ENP is a new policy initiated in 2003 and implemented in 2005 and it offers a new partnership between the enlarged EU and wider Europe, the latter including both the EU's old Southern neighbours and the new Eastern ones as well as the Southern Caucasus countries. Central to t...
Avrupa Birliği pazarında faaliyet gösteren büyük doğal gaz şirketlerinin pazar adaptasyon stratejileri
Bozkurt, Sezen; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of European Studies (2014)
The recent changes in the EU natural gas market as well as imminent aims of the European Union policy makers pushed natural gas companies into a position that strong change management systems and organisational modifications are in need. The regulatory changes enforced into the market are aimed to increase competition and ease the market entry. While the liberalisation and unbundling in regulated markets are expected to bring better and healthier competition; some literatures point out that they may not cre...
Citation Formats
K. Kalafat, “ALTERNATIVES FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION’S NATURAL GAS DEPENDENCY ON RUSSIA,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2023.