Peasantry and rural resistance in the 21st century Turkey: the case of Çiftçi-Sen

Medeiros Ribeiro, José Duarte
In Turkey, the neoliberal transformation of agriculture which started in the 1980s has been catalyzed since the beginning of the 21st century by the governing party extractivist ideology of a commodified countryside. While past state’s political elites always populistically approached the peasantry to deny their political agency, the current authoritarian context is facing a growing protest culture and potential organized resistance. The Çiftçiler Sendikası (Farmers Union) known as Çiftçi-Sen, was established in 2004 as an umbrella organization of different product-based unions extended across the country. This work demonstrates how this movement, recently refunded as a single union, resists while employing food sovereignty as a political program and constituting an unprecedented potential to activate peasant’s political agency. This is particularly important in a context where authoritarian neoliberalism in the Turkish countryside is expressed by extractivist projects that cause ecological demise.


Gendered rural transformation and peasant-workers: the case of the women of the greenhouse, western Anatolia, Turkey
Eren, Zeynep Ceren; Hoşgör, Ayşe Gündüz.; Department of Sociology (2020)
The neoliberal re-structuring of global agri-food relations in rural Turkey has had devastating effects on small-producer households, who face the peasantry‘s loss of stature, decoupling from production, and migration. This also leads to a deepening of the category of peasant-workers and proletarianization. In line with this, rural women withdraw from production, while only a limited number replace their previous status as unpaid family laborer with paid labor. This study focuses on the laboring experiences...
Onaran, Ayşenur; Basa, İnci; Department of Architecture (2022-7-04)
While much has been written about TOKİ’s (The Housing Development Administration of Turkey) actions in cities as part of neoliberal urbanization projects, not much has been said about its practices in rural areas. This thesis examines the production of space by TOKİ in rural Turkey as a process molded by governmental spatial intervention and the inhabitants’ everyday life practices. I focus on Yukarıköy, a village in Çanakkale with a population around 700 people, which had gone through several destructive e...
A Political economic account for social democracy in turkey during the 1990’s
Kurt, Taylan; Ayata, Ayşe; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2017)
This thesis aims to evaluate the crisis of Turkey’s social democracy, whose ideological orientation has been evaluated within history of the Republican People’s Party, during the 1990’s. Throughout the thesis, historical evolution of social democracy until the end of 20th century both in Europe and Turkey according to reconciliation of labor and capital is examined. Besides the transformation of Turkey’s social democracy by consideration of change in production and class relations during the neoliberal era;...
Middle class’ construction of future through retirement: individual pension system in Turkey
Ertem, Elif; Beşpınar Akgüner, Fatma Umut; Department of Sociology (2018)
With 1980s’ neoliberal reflections starting to be apparent in Turkey, the neoliberal values become the precondition of middle class way of thinking and living. In this context, Individual Pension System (IPS), as a case of neoliberal policy, has become compulsory in Turkey since 1 January 2017; and it has brought immense public discussions and the discourse on this issue in the public sphere. This study has been conducted in such an environment immediately after this transformation has been experienced. The...
Principles for the conservation of depopulated rural heritage sites: the case of Dereköy on Gökçeada (Imbros)
Diker, İrem; Serin, Ufuk; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2022-5-09)
Depopulation is among the most crucial problems affecting rural landscapes in Turkey and around the world. Rural landscapes, formed over time as a result of the interaction between nature and human beings, have gradually lost their populations for a number of reasons. The built environment is primarily altered in abandoned areas due to neglect and dilapidation, resulting in the eventual destruction of cultural assets, whilst the natural landscape reverts to wilderness, its infrastructure also fatally compro...
Citation Formats
J. D. Medeiros Ribeiro, “Peasantry and rural resistance in the 21st century Turkey: the case of Çiftçi-Sen,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2023.