Onaran, Ayşenur
While much has been written about TOKİ’s (The Housing Development Administration of Turkey) actions in cities as part of neoliberal urbanization projects, not much has been said about its practices in rural areas. This thesis examines the production of space by TOKİ in rural Turkey as a process molded by governmental spatial intervention and the inhabitants’ everyday life practices. I focus on Yukarıköy, a village in Çanakkale with a population around 700 people, which had gone through several destructive earthquakes in 2017 and was rebuilt by TOKİ. The study is an investigation of the policies of the state to create model villages so that rural citizens would be willing to stay and produce in rural areas, in juxtaposition to a discussion of the ways in which the villagers appropriate the state-made houses according to their own needs and desires. The neoliberal mode of production, in which the state governs the nation as a business, uses institutions like TOKİ to modify the citizens’ actions to be in line with its imposed social and economic order. The villagers, however, are not passive consumers, but they are active producers of space. They are capable of inventing tactics that challenge the boundaries of the strategically planned space they inhabit. Their everyday practices confirm the state’s vision of the model villager while at the same time contradicting the state’s imposed order. Consequently, Yukarıköy becomes a space shaped by practices of its inhabitants and the state that occasionally contradict with each other.


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Urban redevelopment projects became the primary mechanisms of neoliberal urban policies in Istanbul. By analyzing the urban redevelopment projects of Beyoglu and the responsive practices of local actors, this paper highlights the role of community organizations in resisting and challenging the state's urban planning policies. A collaboration among local citizens, civil society institutions, and community organizations of the case study area formed the Beyoglu Neighborhood Associations Platform and searched ...
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Depopulation is among the most crucial problems affecting rural landscapes in Turkey and around the world. Rural landscapes, formed over time as a result of the interaction between nature and human beings, have gradually lost their populations for a number of reasons. The built environment is primarily altered in abandoned areas due to neglect and dilapidation, resulting in the eventual destruction of cultural assets, whilst the natural landscape reverts to wilderness, its infrastructure also fatally compro...
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While slum clearance projects in the Global South have displaced a large number of urban poor from the inner city to peripheral areas, peripheral mass housing estates have been developed as a spatial fix to improve the livelihood of the urban poor through slum development projects. Shifting the focus of displacement and poverty studies on changing assets and social experiences of displacement, this study makes an empirical contribution to the literature with a case study from Turkey. It demonstrates that ma...
Citation Formats
A. Onaran, “STATE-LED RURAL TRANSFORMATION: THE CASE OF YUKARIKÖY,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2022.