Polat, Fatıma İkbal
Communal cemeteries of Istanbul were located outside the city’s borders in each historical period from Antiquity to the Byzantine and Ottoman times. In the 5th century, with the advent of the Theodosian walls, the burial topography shifted towards outside these walls, while the former burial grounds in the city’s former Constantinian walls remained untouched. In Ottoman period, the land outside the Theodosian walls was established as the city’s legitimate burial place and continues its function to this day. This peripheral condition stands out as one of the greatest continuities in the city’s history. This thesis will study the extramural burial topography to investigate the reciprocal relation between the cemeteries and urban development. A close reading reveals that beyond marking the city’s physical borders, cemeteries define the ‘perceived’ borders of the city. The prominent cases of Mokius cemetery in the Byzantine period and the burial site of Eyüp in the Ottoman period exemplify this observation. By discussing the influence of the sacred sites, society’s changing attitudes towards death, social stratification, and the social phenomenon of desire for visibility on cemeteries’ development, how the marginal condition of cemeteries was formed in close connection to the city’s social constructions will be elucidated regarding the continuities and transformations between the Byzantine and Ottoman periods.


Towards A New Honorific Column: The Column Of Constantine In Early Byzantine Urban Landscape
Yoncacı Arslan, Pelin (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2016-01-01)
The first and the most important honorary column in early Byzantine Constantinople, the Column of Constantine, Cemberlitas Sutunu in Turkish, still stands upright at its original location today but remained virtually hidden behind the distinct silhouettes of multiple Ottoman minarets and domes. Completed in 330 AD, during the inauguration of the new capital, this colossal column was the architectural manifestation of Constantine the Great's transfer of imperial administration to the New or the Second Rome. ...
Changing city identity: the case of Eskişehir /
Hakyemez, Dilara; Gökce, Fuat; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2016)
In Turkey, many cities’ histories date back to ages ago. Many Anatolian cities are multilayered cities which mean cities can contain two or more different periods’ traces, ruins, monuments or parts, and Eskişehir is one of these multilayered cities. The city has been home to many cultures and civilizations, like Phrygians, Lydians, Roman and Ottoman Empires. In this thesis, identity of city will be trying to analyze; the permanent marks and also changes will be searched in the case of Eskişehir. Characteris...
Urban conservation legacy of the Turkish planning system: tracing spatial change in the Ankara Acropolis, from 1923 onwards
Demiroz, Merve; Şahin Güçhan, Neriman (Informa UK Limited, 2020-04-16)
This paper examines the conservation history of the Ankara Acropolis, today named 'Haci-Bayram District', and the spatial change in this historic environment linked to the development of urban conservation since the foundation of the Turkish Republic in 1923. We drew upon archival research such as old maps, aerial images, former analyses, technical plans and project reports, legal decisions by conservation boards and a field survey to illustrate the morphological change triggered by conservation attempts. H...
Grain Scale of Ottoman Istanbul: Architecture of the Unkapan Landing Square
Erkal, Namık Günay (2018-05-01)
The grain provisioning of the Ottoman capital city Istanbul for the subsistence of its considerable population, including the court, the military, and the religious institutions, was maintained through the same location on an extramural landing square along the wharfs of the Golden Horn from the mid-fifteenth century up until the mid-nineteenth century: the Unkapan. This article addresses the urban architecture of Istanbul Unkapan as an illustration of the Ottoman official distribution centers referred to a...
Reclaiming the right to the city: Reflections on the urban uprisings in Turkey
Kuymulu, Mehmet Barış (Informa UK Limited, 2013-07-08)
The spark that drew Istanbul into a fire of protest and uprising was initially set off by a modest ‘occupy style’ peaceful resistance, staged against the destruction of an historically public park, an urban commons, in order to make way for yet another shopping mall in Istanbul. Following explicit police violence against the protestors, who were openly discredited by the government for being a few looters, the urban centers of Turkey saw a full-fledged uprising, gathering considerable international steam as...
Citation Formats
F. İ. Polat, “DEATH ON THE MARGIN: AN URBAN HISTORY OF LAND WALLS CEMETERIES IN ISTANBUL,” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2023.