Advanced technologies in biodegradable packaging using intelligent sensing to fight food waste

Jafarzadeh, Shima
Yildiz, Zeynep
Yildiz, Pelin
Strachowski, Przemyslaw
Forough, MEHRDAD
Esmaeili, Yasaman
Naebe, Minoo
Abdollahi, Mehdi
The limitation of conventional packaging in demonstrating accurate and real-time food expiration dates leads to food waste and foodborne diseases. Real-time food quality monitoring via intelligent packaging could be an effective solution to reduce food waste and foodborne illnesses. This review focuses on recent technological advances incorporated into food packaging for monitoring food spoilage, with a major focus on paper-based sensors and their combination with smartphone. This review paper offers a comprehensive exploration of advanced macromolecular technologies in biodegradable packaging, a general overview of paper-based probes and their incorporation into food packaging coupled with intelligent sensing mechanisms for monitoring food freshness. Given the escalating global concerns surrounding food waste, our manuscript serves as a pivotal resource, consolidating current research findings and highlighting the transformative potential of these innovative packaging solutions. We also highlight the current intelligent paper-based food freshness sensors and their various advantages and limitations. Examples of implementation of paper-based sensors/probes for food storage and their accuracy are presented. Finally, we examined how intelligent packaging can be an alternative to reduce food waste. Several technologies discussed here have good potential to be used in food packaging for real-time food monitoring, especially when combined with smartphone diagnosis.
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Citation Formats
S. Jafarzadeh et al., “Advanced technologies in biodegradable packaging using intelligent sensing to fight food waste,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 261, pp. 0–0, 2024, Accessed: 00, 2024. [Online]. Available: