The dismemberment of Yugoslavia and the emergence of a new interventionism

Buldanlıoğlu, Selver
This thesis aims to analyse the emergence of a new interventionism in the Post Cold War era characterised by the use of force and political means in order to reconstruct, on a selective basis, the 'failed' or 'disfunctioning' states which experienced economic and political crisis followed by social disturbances and gross human rights abuses. This cycle has become one of the most characteristic features in the post-Cold War international politics. It has become an important instrument in the ensurement of the global security for the well functioning of the global capitalist economy. While the rules concerning this type of intervention is by no means clear due to the reluctance of the intervening states to set the rules and borders of this new interventionism and their preference of considering each case as an exception necessitated by the conditions, they can still play an important role in shaping the face of international politics in the post-Cold War international era. In this regard, human rights have become one of the most important components of the foreign policy instruments. However, this type of intervention has an undermining effect on the international system based on the Charter of the United Nations due to the lack of the agreed principles and rules concerning intervention. mIn the case of Kosovo, the NATO intervention has become a landmark in the evolution of the post-Cold War international politics. The NATO intervention, last part of the cycle, was claimed to be justified to restore human rights violations in the province. The cycle was that Yugoslavia faced a severe economic crisis in the early 1980s and it turned out to be a country characterised by instability and witnessed a bloody disintegration process. Coinciding with the major transformation in the international politics, end of the Cold War, the disintegration process accelerated in the late 1980s and it became a 'failed' or 'disfunctioning' state in the early 1990s when Croatia and Sovenia declared their independence, and Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia later. Neglected by the 'international community' during the Bosnian war, the Kosovo crisis was internationalised in the late 1990s with the intensification of the ethnic and armed conflict. The NATO operation was conducted without a United Nations Security Council authorisation and tried to be legalised outside the UN but within the NATO mechanisms and legitimised on political and moral concerns. The intervention has become a landmark in the new international era and played a significant role in consolidating the place of the new interventionism in the post-Cold War era.


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Citation Formats
S. Buldanlıoğlu, “The dismemberment of Yugoslavia and the emergence of a new interventionism ,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.