Reconsidering durability of authoritarian regime and possibilities of democratization in Tunisia

Yaşar, Nebahat
This thesis analyzes the variables that have impacts on durability and stability of the authoritarian regime in order to examine the possibilities for successful democratic transformations in the context of Tunisia. This thesis chooses Tunisia as a case study since a fascinating example of both durability and vulnerability of authoritarian regimes. From formal independence in 1956 until a constitutional coup in 1987, Tunisia was ruled by a single-party. Due to a set of economic and political crises in the late 1970s and early 1980s, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, with the support of political elites, became the new president and this paved the way for upgrading authoritarian regime in Tunisia. During Ben Ali era, regime in Tunisia was seen as the one of the most resilience authoritarian regime in the Middle East and North Africa; somehow Tunisians became successful to put meaningful pressure on the regime in 2010-2011 with popular uprisings and opened the way for a democratic transformation in their country. In this respect, this thesis aims to find out how the capacity of the regime and the opposition affected resilience of authoritarian regime in Tunisia. In addition to that, this thesis investigates the relationship between elite defection in ruling elite of an authoritarian regime leads crises and democratic transformation in a country. Thus, the basic conclusion of this thesis is that there are causal relations between durability, stability and vulnerability of authoritarian regime and capacity of the regime and capacity of the opposition.


The role of civil society in democratic consolidation process of Georgia between 2003 and 2011
Gürsoy, Hazar Ege; Ergun Özbolat, Ayça; Department of Eurasian Studies (2011)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the last phrase of democratization process in Georgia that refers to democratic consolidation period, while focusing on the role of civil society organizations. The main focus area will be post-Rose Revolution period hence, the Rose Revolution that occurred in 2003 is considered as an example of democratic transition and as a nature of successful democratization development, the transition period must be followed by the democratic consolidation process. In order to exami...
Problems of democratizaton in Armenia (1991-2019)
Kıyak, Figen; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Eurasian Studies (2019)
This thesis analyses problems of democratization in post-Soviet Armenia. In this context, I will examine the progresses and problems of the Republic of Armenia within the framework of democratization from declaration of independence to current day. The democratization steps are evaluated within the scope of economy and corruption, civil society, media, foreign and domestic politics, electoral processes and the rule of law. This is done through a historical analysis of the rule of each president since indepe...
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Hecan, Mehmet; Tayfur, Mehmet Fatih; Department of International Relations (2017)
This thesis aims to illuminate regional development banks’ (RDBs) role in global diffusion of neoliberal policies since the early 1980’s. In this regard, it argues that along with the Bretton Woods Institutions (BWIs), the RDBs have also facilitated the spread of neoliberal policies, as these banks have practiced similar conditional/policy-based lending. In order to better explain the complementary roles of BWIs and RDBs within an analytical framework, the thesis employs the international relations (IR) con...
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The main research problem in the thesis is to scrutinise the main reasons for the JDP’s rise to power, establishment and maintenance of its hegemony and in recent years gradual weakening of its legitimacy in the light of Jürgen Habermas’ theory of legitimation crises. The analysis of the JDP rule will inevitably necessitate an investigation of the ways in which the Turkish economy has been integrated into the global economy. By using Jürgen Habermas’ concept of ‘requisite quantity’ and ‘moral identity’ the ...
The dismemberment of Yugoslavia and the emergence of a new interventionism
Buldanlıoğlu, Selver; Türkeş, Mustafa; Department of International Relations (2003)
This thesis aims to analyse the emergence of a new interventionism in the Post Cold War era characterised by the use of force and political means in order to reconstruct, on a selective basis, the 'failed' or 'disfunctioning' states which experienced economic and political crisis followed by social disturbances and gross human rights abuses. This cycle has become one of the most characteristic features in the post-Cold War international politics. It has become an important instrument in the ensurement of th...
Citation Formats
N. Yaşar, “Reconsidering durability of authoritarian regime and possibilities of democratization in Tunisia,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.