Question concerning the universality of human rights: a comparative examination of the works of Donnelly, Nino, and Ferry and Renaut

Download
2003
Demiray, Mehmet Ruhi
From the if century when the idea pfhurnan rights has been first articulated m the history of humankind to our age, the adherents of miş Idea have generally asserted that these rights have a universal, thus an ahistorical and trafiscultural, character in their scope of validity. However, even a superficial review of the recent human rights literature is sufficient to give one the insight mat the question of the ground of this universality is the most crucial issue in the current theoretical debates on human rights. Taking granted that 'a conception of human rights without umversalism' is as adverse as to eclipse me very meaning of the idjsa of human rights itself, this thesis endeavours to develop an understanding of a meore^cal-philosophical ground upon which the universality of human rights is both conceivable and defensible. This endeavour is carried out within the framework of a textual and comparative examination of three pro-universalist theoretical projects developed within the contemporary human Trights literature. iiiThese projects arc Jack Donnelly's liberal-conventional approach, Carlos Santiago Nino's Kantian Moral Constructivisöı, and Luc Ferry & Alain Renaut's Critical Humanism. As to Donnelly's approach which is examined first, I argue that in so far as it associates the moral grounds of human rights to Western liberal tradition and relies on an implicit moral relativism, his approach is caught with certain implicit controversies in the grounding of the universality of human rights. In hne with mis, the remaining chapters of the thesis respectively examine Nino's meta-ethical theory and Ferry & Renaut's political philosophy, which present two contemporary versions of Kantian approach bringing out a strong alternative to the inconsistencies and vulnerabilities embedded in the liberal-conventional understanding of the universality of human rights. In the light of a reading of Nino's and Ferry and Renaut's theoretical projects as mutual complementaries, the conclusive argument of the thesis is: the universal validity of human rights is conceivable arid defensible on the Kantian moral ground of the idea of autonomous human moral subject and the ideal of autonomy.

Suggestions

Discourse on human rights : representation of the idea in Turkish human right
Duduhacıoğlu, Başak; Rittersberger Tılıç, Helga İda; Department of Sociology (2012)
The main concern of this thesis is to analyze the transformation of domestic human rights discourse by looking at the shifting representations of the idea of human rights. The representation of the idea of human rights in ‘Turkey Human Rights Movement Conferences’ in different political contexts during the period 1998-2010 is evaluated with reference to three areas of literature on the idea of human rights and with a social constructionist perspective which begins with the proposition that ideas and practic...
Nietzsche and the human rights
Altun, Damla; Deveci, Cem; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2006)
Today the conception of human rights is an idea that preserves its intransitive, inalienable and indivisible quality with a cross-cultural reference. The idea of human rights, entering our lives from the 18th century onwards, has gained a worldwide recognition through the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The idea occupies place both at the level of rules and principles as a project and at the level of our daily problem solutions, modifications and the daily course of our lives as a pragmatics. The pol...
Assessing the human rights regime of the Council of Europe in terms of economic and social rights
Milli, Ece; Okyayuz, Mehmet; Department of European Studies (2012)
This thesis seeks to answer the question whether economic and social rights have the same status with civil and political rights under the human rights regime of the Council of Europe. To this end, the thesis examines the assumptions with regard to the nature of economic and social rights, on the one hand, and civil and political rights, on the other. Second, it seeks to find out whether the nature of economic and social rights is different from that of civil and political rights. Third, it examines how the...
Dangers of morality and the rationality of the desire for perpetual peace
Yıldırım, Erdoğan (2006-03-01)
This article tries to discuss the potential dangers of proposing a world order in the form of the morally based idea of perceptual peace as it is developed by Kant and further propagated by Habermas and Derrida. Drawing on a distinction between the Kantian idea of morality (Moralitat) attributed to the internality of man via its theological connection with god and an idea of ethics akin to Aristotelian and/or Hegelian notions (ethos or ethical life - Sittlichkeit), the article posits the question of the rol...
Evaluating the human rights of stateless people: reflections of Arendt, Agamben, and Ranciere
Türkdoğan, Elçin; Deveci, Cem; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2011)
As it is widely accepted, human rights are inalienable and equal rights that we have simply because we are human. They are guaranteed to all people regardless of their nationality, race, sex, ethnicity, etc. Moreover, they are rights that their holder cannot lose them temporarily or permanently. Yet, today many millions people around the world are denied to exercise their most basic human rights because they are not citizen of any country. They are stateless people. Although there have been many internation...
Citation Formats
M. R. Demiray, “ Question concerning the universality of human rights: a comparative examination of the works of Donnelly, Nino, and Ferry and Renaut,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.