Associates of social deviancy and violence among prisoners

Download
2003
Erkunt, Adonis Çiğdem
This study aimed at finding the associates of social deviance and violence by using the variables of self-esteem, coping styles, social support, family relations, and life events in Turkish prisoner sample. The prisoners were a hundred male prisoners who are under arrest for different crimes, in İstanbul Special Type Prison. Preceding the main analyses, Factor Analyses for Multidimensional Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and Ways of Coping Scale (WOCS) were conducted. These analyses yielded three factors for MSPSS, as social support from friend, social support from a significant other, and social support from family; and two factors for WOCS, as problem focused and emotion focused coping. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was conducted to examine the type of crime differences for the measures of the study. The offenders were separated into two groups according to their crimes: violent and nonviolent crimes. The prisoners who acted nonviolently scored significantly higher in self-esteem scores. Prisoners that acted violent crimes were significantly more depressed and they show significantly more antisocial behavior than the prisoners that acted in nonviolent crimes. There was no significant difference found between the two groups in terms of their anxiety levels. Results indicated a main effect for social support, coping style, and family relations. To understand social deviance through the variables of the present study, a hierarchical regression was performed. The results indicated that presence of previous suicide attempts, unhealthy relations in the family, physical violence in the family towards the subject, the scores gathered from depression and paranoia subscales of MMPI, anxiety scores on BAI, hypomania scores on MMPI were found to account for 59% of the total variance in social deviance in terms of higher scores on psychopathic deviate subscale of MMPI.

Suggestions

Activities of Daily Living, Depression, and Social Support Among Elderly Turkish People
Bozo Özen, Özlem; Kurum, Oya (2009-03-01)
The authors examined the effects of activities of daily living (ADL) and perceived social support on the level of depression among elderly Turkish people. Participants were 102 adults older than the age of 60 years. The authors hypothesized that (a) lower levels of ADL would predict a higher level of depression, (b) a higher level of perceived social support would predict a lower level of depression, and (c) perceived social support would moderate the relation between ADL and depression. Although hierarchic...
FACTORS AFFECTING RELATIONSHIPS OF TURKISH ADOLESCENTS WITH PARENTS AND SAME-SEX FRIENDS
HORTACSU, N; ORAL, A; YASAKGULTEKIN, Y (Informa UK Limited, 1991-06-01)
The present study attempted to investigate the differences between Turkish late adolescents' relationships with their parents and friends by using Armsden and Greenberg's (1987) scales for measuring attachment. In addition, an attempt at determining predictors of different aspects of attachment was made. The findings were that (a) similar dimensions of attachment emerged from a factor analysis of Turkish data when compared with Armsden and Greenberg's factors, (b) the data provide evidence for the argument ...
Influence of Regional Perceptions and Children’s Age onTheir Social Inclusion Judgments
GÖNÜL, BUSE; Şahin Acar, Başak (2018-12-01)
The present study examined the effects of children’s perceptions about the members of different geographical regions of Turkey on their social inclusion judgments. Children evaluated vignettes including protagonists coming from eastern and western regions of Turkey, which are namely easterners vs. westerners. Children demonstrated established perceptions regarding the disadvantaged social status of easterners and advantaged one for westerners, as shown by the preliminary study. In the main study, 150 childr...
The Effect of childhood violence history, intimate partner violence, negative attribution style, social support and coping strategies on psychological symptomatology of Turkish professional women
Eyüpoğlu, Hilal; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2014)
This thesis investigates the effect of childhood violence history, intimate partner violence, negative attribution style, perceived social support and coping strategies on psychological symptomatology in Turkish professional women. Accordingly, the model presented in present study suggested pre-violence, with-in violence and post-violence factors predicting psychological symptomatology. Overall examination of the factors associated with psychological symptomatology revealed that childhood violence history, ...
Kurum Bakımındaki Ergenlerin Olumlu Sosyal ve Problemli Davranışları ile İlişkili Faktörlerin Karşılaştırmalı Örneklemle İncelenmesi
Atlı-Aslan, Gönül; Sarıtaş Atalar, Dilek (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2020-6-22)
Bu çalışmanın amacı korunma altında olan ve ailesi ile yaşayan ergenlerin olumlu sosyal davranışlarını ve davranış problemlerini yordayan faktörleri (örn., akran ilişkileri, algıladıkları sosyal destek mekanizmaları ve bilişsel duygu düzenleme becerileri) incelemektir. Araştırmanın örneklemini Diyarbakır Aile ve Sosyal Politikalar İl Müdürlüğü tarafından korunma altına alınmış yaşları 10 ile 17 yıl arasında değişen 79 (% 57 erkek) ergen ve ailesi ile yaşayan aynı yaş grubunda 95 (% 44.2 erkek) ergen oluştur...
Citation Formats
A. Ç. Erkunt, “Associates of social deviancy and violence among prisoners,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.