Patent applications/grants and their economic analysis for Turkey

Gökovalı, Ummuhan
The basic aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between patents and some economic variables at sectoral level for Turkish economy for the period 1985-98. In order to classify patent data into a sectoral classification system, we employed two concordances, namely, YTC and MERIT. The study includes three distinct empirical analyses. The first one analyzes the contribution of knowledge stock to industry-level productivity in Turkey. Our preferred method is GMM-System estimation, results of which indicate that capital, labor, domestic patent and foreign patent stock variables affect growth positively. The second one analyzes the consequences of innovation for trade performance for Turkish economy with GMM-System methods. The results obtained suggest that a significant and positive relation is found between technological specialization and trade specialization for Turkey in terms of both exports and imports. The third one analyzes the duration of granted foreign patents in Turkey. The results of the preferred model indicate that renewal fee, growth of the economy and import share increases the duration length of patent protection, while improvement in human capital reduces it.


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Citation Formats
U. Gökovalı, “Patent applications/grants and their economic analysis for Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2003.