Purification and characterization of cytoplasmic and proteasome associated chymotrypsin-like proteases from Thermoplasma volcanium

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2003
Özdemir, F. İnci
In this study, two novel cytoplasmic serine proteases were isolated and characterized from thermophilic archaea Thermoplasma volcanium. The first protease was purified by ion exchange and affinity chromatographies and identified as a chymotrypsin-like serine protease mainly based on its substrate profile and inhibition pattern. The presence of protease activity was analyzed by gelatin zymography which was detected as a single band (35 kDa). Optimum temperature was found to be 60oC for azocasein hydrolysis and 50oC for N-Suc-Phe-pNA hydrolysis. Optimum activity was observed in the pH range of 6.0-8.0 with a maximum value at pH 7.0. The Km and Vmax values for the purified protease were calculated to be 2.2 mM and 40 æmoles of p-nitroanilide released min-1.ml-1, respectively, for N-Suc-Phe-PNA as substrate. Ca2+ and Mg2+ at 4 mM concentrations were the most effective divalent cations in activating the enzyme. In the second stage of this study, 20S proteasome of Tp. volcanium with substantial chymotrypsin-like activity was purified and characterized. This enzyme complex was purified with 19.1 U/mg specific activities from cell free extract by a four-step procedure. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed two strong bands with relative molecular masses of 26 kDa (a-subunit) and 21.9 kDa (β-subunit). Tp. volcanium 20S proteasome predominantly catalyzed cleavage of peptide bonds carboxyl to the acidic residue Glu (postglutamyl activity) and the hydrophobic residue Phe (chymotrypsin-like activity) in short chromogenic peptides. Low-level hydrolyzing activity was also detected carboxyl to basic residue Arg (trypsin-like activity). Chymotrypsin-like activity of Tp. volcanium 20S proteasome was significantly inhibited by chymotrypsin specific serine protease inhibitor chymostatin. When N-CBZ-Arg was used which is a substrate for trypsin, 20S proteasome was strongly inhibited by TLCK. The

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Citation Formats
F. İ. Özdemir, “Purification and characterization of cytoplasmic and proteasome associated chymotrypsin-like proteases from Thermoplasma volcanium,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2003.