Archaeometrical investigation of some Seljuk plasters

Caner, Evin
The aim of the study was to investigate Seljuk Plasters used in some of their royal administrative or residential buildings from a viewpoint of their raw materials and technological characteristics. Some Byzantine Plasters of the same period were also investigated to make comparison. Plasters from some historic structures in the archaeological sites namely; Alanya Castle, Kubadabad Palaces, Syedra Archaeological Site, Aspendos Amphitheatre, Selinus Archaeological Site-Sekerhane Kösk and Hasbahçe were examined. In a series of examination basic physical properties of the plasters as bulk density, porosity, water absorption capacity and water vapour permeability were obtained. The results indicated that plasters are low dense and high porous materials and having good breathing property. Mechanical properties of the plasters were expressed by the modulus of elasticity (Emod) values which were obtained from ultrasonic pulse velocity measurements. The Emod of the plasters being in the range of 1.0 to 5.6 Gpa show that they have enough mechanical strength comparable to historic mortars and bricks. Raw material composition and mineralogical properties of plasters were determined by combined interpretation of several types of analyses such as chemical analyses, particle size distribution of aggregates, petrographic analyses of thin sections by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopic analyses of cross sections coupled with EDX for image analyses and semiquantitative elemental analyses, X-ray powder diffraction analyses for the determination of mineral phases, thermogravimetric analyses and FTIR analyses. Binder used in all plasters was found to be lime with amount in the range of 53.8-96.8% as CaCO3. The main minerals of aggregates are quartz, calcite (limestone), dolomite and opal-A. Regarding particle size distribution of aggregates it was possible to classify


Construction techniques of four of traditional ormana houses
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The subject of the thesis is construction techniques of four traditional Ormana Houses within the wider context of Akseki Region vernacular architecture. The thesis analyses the appropriate methodology and approach for a documentation of construction techniques and details of the traditional houses. As such, it includes the necessary research and analysis that would provide the base for coherent restoration principles and decisions. The thesis includes the historical background of Ormana, detailed descripti...
Archaeometrical and geoarchaeological studies in prehistoric settlement of domuztepe (Kahramanmaraş-Turkey)
Dirican, Murat; Günal Türkmenoğlu, Asuman; Atakuman, Çiğdem; Department of Archaeometry (2018)
The aim of this study is to investigate pottery and stone vessels from Domuztepe, a Late Neolithic settlement in southeast Turkey, located to the south of Kahramanmaraş by means of archaeometrical and geoarchaeological methods in an attempt to understand the local resource use and production technologies. Domuztepe represents the northwestern border of a unique material culture distribution commonly known as “Halaf culture” which had influenced vast regions of northern Mesopotamia during the Late Neolithic ...
Construction techniques of traditional Sivrihisar houses
Pehlivan, Ezgi; Özgönül, Nimet; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2020)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate and document the construction techniques of the traditional houses in Sivrihisar and to create a reliable and comprehensive information about construction techniques specific to the region. For this purpose, firstly literature review was done about conservation, the importance of authenticity and documentation, and about traditional houses in Turkey. In addition, literature and archive researches were done on the history and general characteristics of Sivrihisar, con...
Kocaeli̇ Tari̇hi̇ Cami̇ Örnekleri̇ Üzeri̇nden Planlı Koruma Kapsamında Hasarsız Test Uygulamaları: Çoban Mustafa Paşa Cami̇i̇, Fevzi̇ye Cami̇i̇ ve Pertev Paşa Cami̇i̇
Kishalı, Emre; Türkmenoğlu Bayraktar, Neslihan; Şener, Mehmet (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2019-9-25)
Tüzükler, genel prensipler ve tarihi yapıların bakım ve onarım yöntemleri ile tarihi yapılar üzerine çalışmalara uluslararası literatürde rastlanmaktadır ve günümüz koşulları ile birlikte gelişen teknoloji, koruma yöntemlerini, teorilerini ve yaklaşımlarını değiştirmektedir. Koruma devamlı, eş güdümlü ve programlı çalışmaları, önlem almayı (riskin oluşmasını kısıtlama), bakımı (yapının özeliklerini kontrol etme) ve restorasyonu (direkt müdahale) içeren bir süreç olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Böylece planlı korum...
Construction techniques of traditional Güdül houses
Yaren Celen, Nu; Gökce, Fuat; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2019)
The aim of this study is to prepare comprehensive and reliable documentation about construction techniques and materials of traditional houses in Güdül, district of Ankara, considering construction processes. For this purpose, studies about general features and history of Güdül as well as preservation activities in the settlement were collected and reviewed. By evaluating collected information from literature research and documentation of collected data on site surveys, architectural characteristics of Güdü...
Citation Formats
E. Caner, “Archaeometrical investigation of some Seljuk plasters,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.