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How students multiple intelligences differ in terms of grade level and gender

Göğebakan, Derya
The purpose of the study was to investigate the students̕ multiple intelligences according to their preferences and how students̕ multiple intelligences differ in terms of grade level (first, third fifth and eighth) and gender. This research was conducted at Middle East Technical University Development Foundation School in the spring of the 2001-2002 academic-year with three classes from each level namely first grade, third grade, fifth grade and eight grade. In this study, Pictorial Teele Inventory for Multiple Intelligences was applied on 321 students and the results were analyzed. In order to examine the effect of the gender and grade level on students̕ Multiple Intelligences mean, standard deviation and MANOVA were used. Results showed that students multiple intelligences showed variety according to their grade levels. For example, the students at the first grade level demonstrated strong preference for linguistic intelligence and logical-mathematical intelligence in the first grade and the two intelligences were followed by spatial intelligence, and bodily kinesthetic intelligence. While the third grade students̕ most dominant intelligences preferences were interpersonal, spatial, logical-mathematical, and linguistic intelligence the fifth and eight grade students̕ preferences were interpersonal intelligence bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, musical intelligence, and spatial intelligence. When results are eximined in terms of gender, it can be said that the male students̕ logical-mathematical and bodily kinesthetic intelligence mean scores were higher than female students̕ whereas the female students̕ musical intelligence mean score was higher than male students̕.