Motion estimation using complex discrete wavelet transform

Sarı, Hüseyin
The estimation of optical flow has become a vital research field in image sequence analysis especially in past two decades, which found applications in many fields such as stereo optics, video compression, robotics and computer vision. In this thesis, the complex wavelet based algorithm for the estimation of optical flow developed by Magarey and Kingsbury is implemented and investigated. The algorithm is based on a complex version of the discrete wavelet transform (CDWT), which analyzes an image through blocks of filtering with a set of Gabor-like kernels with different scales and orientations. The output is a hierarchy of scaled and subsampled orientation-tuned subimages. The motion estimation algorithm is based on the relationship between translations in image domain and phase shifts in CDWT domain, which is satisfied by the shiftability and interpolability property of CDWT. Optical flow is estimated by using this relationship at each scale, in a coarse-to-fine (hierarchical) manner, where information from finer scales is used to refine the estimates from coarser scales. The performance of the motion estimation algorithm is investigated with various image sequences as input and the effects of the options in the algorithm like curvature-correction, interpolation kernel between levels and some parameter values like confidence threshold iv maximum number of CDWT levels and minimum finest level of detail are also experimented and discussed. The test results show that the method is superior to other well-known algorithms in estimation accuracy, especially under high illuminance variations and additive noise.


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Citation Formats
H. Sarı, “Motion estimation using complex discrete wavelet transform,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.