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Development of algorithms for fault detection in distribution systems

Ersoi, Moustafa
In this thesis, the possibility of detection of fault location in the cable distribution systems by using traveling waves due to fault and circuit breaker operations is investigated. Waveforms originated from both actions and fault steady state are separately analyzed. During such switching actions, high frequency variations which are absent in the steady state conditions, take place. In order to simulate high frequency changes properly, system elements are modeled accordingly. In other words, frequency dependent models are introduced, and they are used in Electro-Magnetic Transients Program (EMTP). Since the characteristics of waveforms are different for separately analyzed portions, different fault locating algorithms with their limitations are introduced.