Comprasion of same-sex friendships, cross-sex friendships and romantic relationships

Cingöz, Banu
This study compares same-sex friendships, cross-sex friendships and romantic relationships in young adulthood in terms of the negative effects of various conflict issues, the different conflict management strategies and relationship maintenance strategies employed in these relationships, as well as the perceived rewards and costs, the integration of the networks, and perceived overall quality. The main purpose is to investigate cross-sex friendships and discern its similarities to and differences from romantic relationships and same-sex friendships, as well as the gender differences that emerge. Data is collected by means of questionnaires, from a sample of 298 Middle East Technical University Students. Cross-sex friendships were rated as the poorest relationship in terms of quality, rewards/costs, or the frequency of maintenance behaviors and conflict occurred at very low levels in these friendships. Women employed more relationship maintenance strategies in their same- and cross-sex friendships compared to men. In addition, men preferred the dominating and women the accommodating strategies of conflict management in their same-sex friendships. It was concluded that same-sex friendships remain to be the accepted and approved form of friendship among this sample of Turkish youngadults and cross-sex friendships were distant and inferior to the other two relationships. Finally, there were some differences across these relationships as to what predicted relational quality, yet in general the rewards and maintenance strategies predicted quality better than costs and conflict behaviors.


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Cingöz Ulu, Banu (2007-07-01)
This study explored cultural differences in conflict management strategies within the context of same-sex friendships, opposite-sex friendships, and romantic relationships. About 114 Turkish and 135 Canadian university students completed a conflict management measure. Results showed that overall, romantic relationships involved a more extensive use of conflict management strategies than did opposite-sex friendships, with same-sex friendships falling in-between the two. Cultural differences emerged, however,...
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The present study investigated the relationships between irrational relationship beliefs, knowledge of warning signs, relationship confidence, satisfaction, and commitment among university students. For this aim, a model examining the direct and indirect effects among study variables was tested through the use of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The participants were students from different faculties of a medium-sized university in Turkey (n = 479) who are between 18-26 ages and involved in a romantic re...
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The Relationship between Cognitive Distortions and Forgiveness in Romantic Relationships
Aksu, Meral (2015-01-01)
The purpose of the present study was to find out the relationship between cognitive distortions and forgiveness in romantic relationships of college students. The sample of the study was 340 college students who have a romantic relationship at a state university in Turkey. The purposeful sampling method was carried out in this correlational study. In order to collect data, three instruments were utilized: Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale (ICDS), Hea...
Investigating proactive and reactive sensitivity in adult romantic relationships from a cultural perspective
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In three consecutive studies, the current dissertation investigated the roles of proactive and reactive sensitivity in adult romantic relationships from a cross-cultural perspective and the roles of attachment orientations in understanding potential differences in partner/spouse sensitivity. In the first study, the psychometric properties of partner sensitivity and perceived partner sensitivity measures were tested on married participants in Turkey (N = 297). Although two types of sensitivity were obtained,...
Citation Formats
B. Cingöz, “Comprasion of same-sex friendships, cross-sex friendships and romantic relationships ,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2003.