Model Predictive control(MPC)performance for controlling reaction systems

Aşar, Işık
In this study, the performance of the Model Predictive Controller (MPC) algorithm is investigated in two different reaction systems. The first case is a saponification reaction system where ethyl acetate reacts with sodium hydroxide to produce sodium acetate and ethanol in a CSTR. In the reactor, temperature and sodium acetate concentration are controlled by manipulating the flow rates of ethyl acetate and cooling water. The model of the reactor is developed considering first principal models. The experiments are done to obtain steady state data from the reaction system and these are compared with the model outputs to find the unknown parameters of the model. Then, the developed model is used for designing SISO and MIMO-MPC considering Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) technique for coupling. The second case is the reaction system used for the production of boric acid by the reaction of colemanite and sulfuric acid in four CSTR̕s connected in series. In the reactor, the boric acid concentration in the fourth reactor is controlled by manipulating the sulfuric acid flow rate fed to the reactor. The transfer functions of the process and disturbance (colemanite flow rate) are obtained experimentally by giving step changes to the manipulated variable and to the disturbance. A model-based and constrained SISO-MPC is designed utilizing linear step response coefficients. The designed controllers are tested for performance in set point tracking, disturbance rejection and robustness issues for the two case studies. It is found that, they are satisfactory except in robustness issues for disturbance rejection in boric acid system.


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Citation Formats
I. Aşar, “Model Predictive control(MPC)performance for controlling reaction systems,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.