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Entrepreneurial practices of Turkish immigrants in Berlin

Ülker, Rıza Barış
The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate how immigrants from Turkey try to create flexible identities through their entrepreneurial practices in order to achieve social mobility within the regimes of state, market and social networks in Berlin. To put it differently, the aim of the study is to indicate how immigrant entrepreneurs try to develop strategies and maneuvers vis-à-vis the regulatory mechanisms like immigrant and citizenship laws, high degree of labor market rules, class based corporatist policies, social welfare policies and social networks acting as habitus for order and stability through social control and surveillance. These strategies and maneuvers, which are reflected on the flexible identities of immigrant entrepreneurs, are crucial for them to have social mobility and thus to remain competitive in the capitalist market economy and its political and social dynamics. That is to say through flexible identities immigrant entrepreneurs enable themselves to benefit from the economic, political and social conditions in Turkey and Germany, and also adapt themselves to the changing circumstances in these countries. In this manner, immigrant entrepreneurs are not only passive subjects of the regimes of state, market and social networks, which are constituted and conditioned with various norms, laws and values, but also active agents, who are able to create flexible identities in order to be mobile and competitive within these regimes.