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Rehabilitation of Malatya Narli No: 7 Railroad Tunnel

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2004
Divleli, Barış
In thesis thesis, studies associated with the rehabilitation of the Malatya-Narli No: 7 Railroad Tunnel are presented. The rehabilitation work includes cleaning of two collapses and stopping of deformations occurring in the tunnel as well as characterizing the rock-mass by evaluating the cores obtained from 67 drill holes. Due to two collapses ocurred in the tunnel a large sinkhole (15x10x20 meters) was developed at the surface and the tunnel closed to train traffic for 10 months (September, 2002-July, 2003) covering the initiation of Iraq War. Originally, the tunnel had been opened into the paleo-landslide material in 1930. The rock-mass surrounding the tunnel consists of limestones, metavolcanics, and schists. Although the main problem in the tunnel is the reduced tunnel span caused by displacements triggerred by underground water, poor rock mass and time dependent deformations, from engineering point of view the other problems can be sited as collapses occurred in the tunnel, sinkhole devoloped at the surface and unstable sections existing in the tunnel. During the field studies, 15 deformation monitoring stations were installed aimed at determining the deviation from tunnel alignment. In order to provide stability of the tunnel Self Drilling Anchors (Mai bolts) were installed systematically around the tunnel. The details of the rock reinforcement design was presented in this thesis. .