A comparison of subspace based face recognition methods

Gönder, Özkan
Different approaches to the face recognition are studied in this thesis. These approaches are PCA (Eigenface), Kernel Eigenface and Fisher LDA. Principal component analysis extracts the most important information contained in the face to construct a computational model that best describes the face. In Eigenface approach, variation between the face images are described by using a set of characteristic face images in order to find out the eigenvectors (Eigenfaces) of the covariance matrix of the distribution, spanned by a training set of face images. Then, every face image is represented by a linear combination of these eigenvectors. Recognition is implemented by projecting a new image into the face subspace spanned by the Eigenfaces and then classifying the face by comparing its position in face space with the positions of known individuals. In Kernel Eigenface method, non-linear mapping of input space is implemented before PCA in order to handle non-linearly embedded properties of images (i.e. background differences, illumination changes, and facial expressions etc.). In Fisher LDA, LDA is applied after PCA to increase the discrimination between classes. These methods are implemented on three databases that are: Yale face database, AT&T (formerly Olivetti Research Laboratory) face database, and METU Vision Lab face database. Experiment results are compared with respect to the effects of changes in illumination, pose and expression. Kernel Eigenface and Fisher LDA show slightly better performance with respect to Eigenfaces method under changes in illumination. Expression differences did not affect the performance of Eigenfaces method. From test results, it can be observed that Eigenfaces approach is an adequate method that can be used in face recognition systems due to its simplicity, speed and learning capability. By this way, it can easily be used in real time


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Citation Formats
Ö. Gönder, “A comparison of subspace based face recognition methods,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.