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Performance prediction of horizontal axis wind turbines using Vortex theory

Yücel, Burak
Performance prediction of HAWTs is important because it gives an idea about the power production of a HAWT in out of design conditions without making any experiments. Since the experiments of fluid mechanics are difficult to afford, developing some models is very beneficial. There are some models developed about this subject using miscellaneous methods. In this study, one can find أVortex Theoryؤ among one of these theories. Some basic 3D aerodynamics was discussed in order to make the reader to understand the main subject of this study. Just after that, performance prediction of constant speed, stall controlled HAWTs was discussed. In order to understand the closeness of this theory to experiments, as a sample, NREL أCombined Experiment Rotorؤ was considered. Performances obtained by AEROPOWER, written in Visual Basic 6.0 and Excel combination, and experimental results were compared for different wind velocities. Acceptable results were obtained for wind speeds not much different than the design wind speed. For relatively lower wind speeds, due to أturbulenceؤ, and for relatively higher wind speeds, due to أstallؤ, the program did not give good results. In the first case it has not given any numerical result. Power curves were obtained by only changing the settling angle, and only changing the rotor angular speed using AEROPOWER. It was seen that, both settling angle and rotor rpm values influence the turbine power output significan