Using geographic information systems in analysing the pattern of crime incidents and the relationship between landuse and incidents

Akpınar, Ebru
The location where crime events occur is an important factor in the analysis of crime. It is not only important where a crime incident takes place but also the characteristics of those places and the environment in which incident occurs. Thus, examination of spatial data such as street networks, parcel information, school locations, commercial and residential zoning, is imperative for effective crime analysis, crime prevention and police activities. Using variables, relating to five incident types as burglary, auto, pick pocket, usurp and murder, which are recorded by the police in 2003 and including the information of where and when crime incident occurs, this thesis attempts to analyze the high-incident areas and the relationship between these incidents and land uses for two important police precincts of Çankaya district of Ankara; Centre of Çankaya Police Station Zone and Bahçelievler Police Station Zone. The aim of the study is to improve a methodology for the determination of the effects of land use variables on the distribution of crime incidents. The study applies some methods related to the spatial data analysis which can be also integrated with Geographic Information Systems. In the study, in order to identify the current pattern of the incidents, kernel estimation method is found as the best method while Nearest Neighbor Hierarchical Clustering method is preferred to analyze what land uses are prone to incidents. In order to determine the properties of the relationships between land use and incidents correlation calculations are performed. At the end, the potential crime incident areas are determined by referring these relationships with GIS functions.


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Citation Formats
E. Akpınar, “Using geographic information systems in analysing the pattern of crime incidents and the relationship between landuse and incidents,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.