Frame synchronization in OFDM systems

Gürsan, Hakan Yesari
In this thesis, we considered the problem of frame synchronization and channel estimation in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Since framing error may cause severe ISI and may disturb the orthogonality of the subcarriers, frame synchronization must be accomplished at the OFDM receiver. Furthermore, the effects of channel must be compensated to obtain the symbols accurately. We investigated several frame synchronization algorithms including a maximum likelihood (ML) synchronizer which relies on the periodicity induced in the OFDM structure, and a robust synchronizer which uses a special training symbol. These algorithms are evaluated in AWGN and Rayleigh fading multipath channels and performances are compared in terms of percentage of ISI-free synchronization, mean squared error and symbol error rate. The IEEE 802.11a framework is used to compare these algorithms with the standard system which utilizes training symbols dedicated for synchronization. It is shown that an adjustment for the frame start estimates must be done to avoid the effects of the channel delay spread. It is also pointed that ideal synchronization is not necessary unless symbol boundaries are detected inside an ISI-free region and the error aroused in ISI-free synchronization can be compensated by applying channel estimation and equalization regarding the same symbol boundaries.


Comparison of the intercarrier interference cancellation methods in OFDM systems
Etiler, Burkay; Tuncer, Temel Engin; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
In OFDM systems carrier frequency offset is observed due to Doppler shift and transmitter-receiver frequency mismatches. This offset induces ICI (Intercarrier Interference). In this thesis, repeated data methods and pilot-aided carrier frequency offset(CFO) estimation methods and windowing techniques are used to mitigate the frequency offset problem and a performance comparison is made between these ICI cancellation techniques. Repeated data methods use only half of the bandwidth for information transmissio...
Direction of arrival estimation by array interpolation in randomly distributed sensor arrays
Akyıldız, Işın; Tuncer, Temel Engin; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2006)
In this thesis, DOA estimation using array interpolation in randomly distributed sensor arrays is considered. Array interpolation is a technique in which a virtual array is obtained from the real array and the outputs of the virtual array, computed from the real array using a linear transformation, is used for direction of arrival estimation. The idea of array interpolation techniques is to make simplified and computationally less demanding high resolution direction finding methods applicable to the general...
Application of ODSA to population calculation
Ulukaya, Mustafa; Demirbaş, Kerim; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2006)
In this thesis, Optimum Decoding-based Smoothing Algorithm (ODSA) is applied to well-known Discrete Lotka-Volterra Model. The performance of the algorithm is investigated for various parameters by simulations. Moreover, ODSA is compared with the SIR Particle Filter Algorithm. The advantages and disadvantages of the both algorithms are presented.
Analysis of circular waveguides coupled by axially uniform slots
Öztürk, Mensur; Çağlayan, Fatih; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2006)
The characteristics of slotted circular waveguides with different dimensions, including cutoff frequencies of TE and TM modes, impedance and modal field distributions will be analyzed using the generalized spectral domain approach. The Method of Moment will be applied, basis functions that include the edge conditions will be used and a computer program will be developed. Obtained results will be presented for different number, depth and thickness of coupling slots, and compared with available data to demons...
Implementation of a digital signal synthesizer with high spurious free dynamic range
Kılıç, Argun; Yılmaz, Ali Özgür; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2006)
Today’s analog modulators and upconverters are inadequate to synthesize and modulate signals with high ‘Spurious Free Dynamic Range’ (SFDR). Thus, the main objective of this thesis is to design and implement a ‘Digital Signal Synthesizer’ (DSS) that is capable of synthesizing signals between 50-100 MHz with 60dB SFDR and to modulate them variable symbol rates and modulation techniques with very high phase/frequency resolution and switching speed while keeping the amplitude modulation occurring during a modu...
Citation Formats
H. Y. Gürsan, “Frame synchronization in OFDM systems,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.