Computer-aided design of horizontal-axis wind turbine blades

Duran, Serhat
Designing horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT) blades to achieve satisfactory levels of performance starts with knowledge of the aerodynamic forces acting on the blades. In this thesis, HAWT blade design is studied from the aspect of aerodynamic view and the basic principles of the aerodynamic behaviors of HAWTs are investigated. Blade-element momentum theory (BEM) known as also strip theory, which is the current mainstay of aerodynamic design and analysis of HAWT blades, is used for HAWT blade design in this thesis. Firstly, blade design procedure for an optimum rotor according to BEM theory is performed. Then designed blade shape is modified such that modified blade will be lightly loaded regarding the highly loaded of the designed blade and power prediction of modified blade is analyzed. When the designed blade shape is modified, it is seen that the power extracted from the wind is reduced about 10% and the length of modified blade is increased about 5% for the same required power. BLADESIGN which is a user-interface computer program for HAWT blade design is written. It gives blade geometry parameters (chord-length and twist distributions) and design conditions (design tip-speed ratio, design power coefficient and rotor diameter) for the following inputs; power required from a turbine, number of blades, design wind velocity and blade profile type (airfoil type). The program can be used by anyone who may not be intimately concerned with the concepts of blade design procedure and the results taken from the program can be used for further studies.


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Citation Formats
S. Duran, “Computer-aided design of horizontal-axis wind turbine blades,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.