Synthesis and characterization of hyperbranched and air drying fatty acid based resins

Bat, Erhan
There has been a considerable effort in the last years to decrease the amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in organic coatings. The risks to human health and environmental hazards associated with VOCs, governmental directives, and economic factors are the main driving forces behind this effort. One way of achieving less or no VOC containing coating systems is to produce low viscosity resins. Hyperbranched resins owing to their globular structure have low viscosities and are promising materials for decreasing the VOCs. In this research hyperbranched resins having properties close to alkyds were synthesized. Dipentaerythritol, which was used as the core was esterified with dimethylol propionic acid. The hyperbranched polyester was then esterified with the castor oil fatty acids (Castor FA). The hydroxyl group of the ricinoleic acid present in the castor FA was modified with different amounts of linseed oil fatty acids (Linseed FA) and benzoic acid. The chemical characterization of the resins was achieved by FTIR spectroscopy and the thermal properties were determined by DSC. Then, the physical and the mechanical tests were carried out. The resins containing the Castor FA only and 32.5 % Linseed FA in addition to the Castor FA had 24 and 68 Persoz hardness, respectively. The viscosity of the resins decreased from 17.3 Pa?s to 5.8 Pa?s as the amount of the Linseed FA was increased. The resins showed excellent adhesion, gloss, flexibility and formability.


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Citation Formats
E. Bat, “Synthesis and characterization of hyperbranched and air drying fatty acid based resins,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.