Nanocomposites based on recycled poly(ethylene terepthalate)

Tolga, Aslı
In this study, the effects of glycol type, organoclay type and concentration on the final properties of nanocomposites based on recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) was investigated. For this purpose, first recycled PET was glycolysed and after that unsaturated polyester-montmorillonite nanocomposites were synthesized by using three different types of glycols (i.e. ethylene glycol (EG), propylene glycol (PG) and diethylene glycol (DEG)). As the first step, all the compositions were prepared by Cloisite 30B type of clay, and then for comparison of clay type, nanocomposites containing 1 wt. % of Cloisite 15A and Cloisite 25A type of clay were also synthesized. Morphological and mechanical analyses were performed for the characterization of the nanocomposites. According to the results of XRD analysis, for all glycol types maximum intercalation was observed in Cloisite 30B containing samples. Exfoliated structures were obtained in the samples containing EG at 1 wt. % Cloisite 30B content and DEG at 3 wt. % Cloisite 30B content. Mechanical tests showed that, for all properties, glycol type is the most effective experimental parameter. DEG based samples are the most flexible whereas PG based samples are the least flexible. EG and DEG based samples give maximum tensile strength and tensile modulus values at 1 wt. % clay loading. Samples prepared by DEG exhibited maxima in both flexural strength and modulus at 1 wt. % clay content. With respect to the organoclay type, Cloisite 30B containing samples gave the highest compatibility with the unsaturated polyester matrix as indicated by the tensile test results. Organoclay type and content had no positive effect on the impact strength. Clay particles acted as stress concentrators and lowered the impact strength.


Nanocomposites based on blends of polyethylene
Işık, Fatma; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
In this study the effects of compatibilizer type, organoclay type, and the addition order of components on the morphological, thermal, mechanical and flow properties of ternary nanocomposites based on low density polyethylene, LDPE were investigated. As compatibilizer, ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate, ethylene/glycidyl methacrylate, and ethylene/butyl acrylate/maleic anhydride; as organoclay Cloisite? 15A, Cloisite? 25A and Cloisite? 30B were used. All samples were prepared by a co-rotating t...
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Poly(dibenzo-18-crown-6) (Poly(DB18C6)) was synthesized by electrochemical oxidation of dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DB18C6) using a mixture of acetonitrile and dichloromethane as solvent and tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBABF4) or tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate (TBAPF6) as supporting electrolyte. The anodic polymerization of DB18C6 was investigated using in-situ ESR and in-situ UV-VIS spectroscopic techniques. Spectroelectrochemical (SPEL) properties and thermal analysis of the resulting polymers h...
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Oğuz, Gülcan; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In the first part of this work, the structural and thermal characteristics of polyacrylonitrile, polyacrylonitrile films treated under the electrolysis conditions in the absence of thiophene, polythiophene and the mechanical mixture and a conducting copolymer of polyacrylonitrile/polythiophene have been studied by pyrolysis mass spectrometry technique. The thermal degradation of polyacrylonitrile occurs in three steps; evolution of HCN, monomer, low molecular weight oligomers due to random chain cleavages a...
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Özden, Gülsüm; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2004)
This study was undertaken to prepare polystyrene (PS)/montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites by different methods, including melt intercalation, in-situ polymerization and masterbatch methods. The in-situ polymerization method consisted of dispersing the styrene monomer into the galleries of MMT followed by subsequent polymerization. The PS/MMT nanocomposites formed by melt intercalation method were prepared on a twin-screw extruder. The masterbatch method was in fact a two-step process. As the first step, a ...
Electrochemical synthesis of new conjugated polymers based on carbazole and furan units
Oguzturk, H. Esra; TİRKEŞ, SEHA; Önal, Ahmet Muhtar (2015-08-01)
In this study, synthesis of four new monomers; 3,6-di(2-furyl)-9H-carbazole (M1), 3,6-di(2-furyl)-9-ethyl-carbazole (M2), 2,7-di(2-furyl)-9-H-carbazole (M3), 2,7-di(2-furyl)-9-(tridecan-7-yl)-9H-carbazole (M4), was achieved via Stifle cross-coupling reaction. The monomers were electrochemically polymerized, via repetitive cycling in acetonitrile-tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate electrolytic medium. Optical and electrochemical properties of the monomers and their corresponding polymers were investigate...
Citation Formats
A. Tolga, “Nanocomposites based on recycled poly(ethylene terepthalate),” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.