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Dynamic and steady-state analysis of oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

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2005
Karamullaoğlu, Gülsün
In this research, oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethylene was studied over Cr-O and Cr-V-O mixed oxide catalysts through steady-state and dynamic experiments. The catalysts were prepared by the complexation method. By XRD, presence of Cr2O3 phase in Cr-O; and the small Cr2O3 and V2O4 phases of Cr-V-O were revealed. In H2-TPR, both catalysts showed reduction behaviour. From XPS the likely presence of Cr+6 on fresh Cr-O was found. On Cr-V-O, the possible reduction of V+5 and Cr+6 forms of the fresh sample to V+4, V+3 and Cr+3 states by TPR was discovered through XPS. With an O2/C2H6 feed ratio of 0.17, Cr-O exhibited the highest total conversion value of about 0.20 at 447°C with an ethylene selectivity of 0.82. Maximum ethylene selectivity with Cr-O was obtained as 0.91 at 250°C. An ethylene selectivity of 0.93 was reached with the Cr-V-O at 400°C. In the experiments performed by using CO2 as the mild oxidant, a yield value of 0.15 was achieved at 449°C on Cr-O catalyst. In dynamic experiments performed over Cr-O, with C2H6 pulses injected into O2-He flow, the possible occurrence of two reaction sites for the formation of CO2 and H2O was detected. By Gaussian fits to H2O curves, the presence of at least three production ways was thought to be probable. Different from Cr-O, no CO2 formation was observed on Cr-V-O during pulsing C2H6 to O2-He flow. In the runs performed by O2 pulses into C2H6-He flow over Cr-V-O, formation of CO rather than C2H4 was favored.