Simulation of a batch dryer by the finite difference method

Turan, Umut
The objectives of this study are to investigate the dynamic behavior of an apple slab subjected to drying at constant external conditions and under changing in the drying temperatures and to determine the effects of temperature and time combinations at different steps during drying on the process dynamics parameters, time constant and process gain of the system. For this purpose, a semi-batch dryer system was simulated by using integral method of analysis. Initially, the dynamic behavior of the drying temperature was investigated by using first order system dynamic model. Process dynamic parameters, time constant and process gain of the system, for change in drying temperature were determined. Secondly, investigation of the drying kinetics of the apple slab was carried out under constant external conditions in a semi-batch dryer. A mathematical model for diffusion mechanism assumed in one dimensional transient analysis of moisture distribution was solved by using explicit finite difference method of analysis. Thirdly, investigation of the drying kinetics of the apple slab was carried out under change in drying temperature at different time steps during drying. Inverse response system model was used for the representation of the dynamic behavior of drying. Process dynamic parameters, time constant and process gain of the system were determined. Model predicted results for apple slab drying under constant external condition and under step change in the drying temperature were compared with the experimental data.


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Numerical and experimental studies have been carried out to investigate the evolution of residual stresses in quenched components induced by temperature gradient and phase transformations. In the numerical analysis, a finite element model is implemented for predicting the temperature field, phase changes with their associated internal stresses in axisymmetrical steel components. The model is verified by several comparisons with other known numerical results. Case studies are performed to investigate the eff...
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Soydan Karabacak, Meltem; Çekmecelioğlu, Deniz; Esin, Ali; Department of Food Engineering (2013)
The aim of this study was to investigate drying characteristics (temperature gradient, rate of drying and temperature change, drying time, diffusivity values, shrinkage) of isotropic and anisotropic foods by observing the changes in temperatures at four different locations and moisture contents and to build an appropriate model for simulation of temperature and moisture distribution using finite element method. The lean meat samples (anisotropic) with three fiber configurations (v; flow normal to fiber, dry...
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Three flux-type models for three-dimensional radiative heat transfer were applied to the prediction of the radiative flux density and the source term of a box-shaped enclosure problem based on data reported previously on a large-scale experimental furnace with steep temperature gradients. The models, which are a six-term discrete ordinate model and two Schuster-Schwarzschild type six-flux models, were evaluated from the viewpoints of both predictive accuracy and computational economy by comparing their pred...
Citation Formats
U. Turan, “Simulation of a batch dryer by the finite difference method,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.